Influence of Uneven Braking of Running Wheels on Stress–Strain State of Crane Metal Structure

  • S. V. Streltsov
  • V. A. RyzhikovEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The analysis of the influence of the crane braking process on the stress–strain state of the elements of the metal structure is carried out. A mathematical model of the formation of external loads with uneven braking forces on running wheels, and the results of calculating the stress–strain state of the elements of the metal structure of the gantry crane in the Mathcad environment are given. Based on the results of a mathematical analysis of the obtained results, the permissible magnitude of the unevenness of the braking forces is determined. The dependences of the stresses in the most loaded node of the metal structure are obtained depending on the unevenness of the braking forces and the length of the crane span.


Crane Braking Skew Load Stress Model Calculations 


  1. 1.
    Sap’yanov VY, Bondarchuk DA (2010) Influence of skew loads on the stress-strain state of the metal framework in a 100-t crane. Vestn Mashinostroeniya 30(10):999–1000Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moskvichev VV, Chaban EA (2016) Investigation of the stress-strain state of crane beams in normal operating modes. J Sib Fed Univ Eng Technol 9(4):572–584. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fyn S-T, Lin S-S, Fan-Tian (1994) A study of the fatigue damage of the upper zone of the walls of steel crane beams. Ind Civ Eng 11–12:33–35Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sergyev AV, Shafray SD (1997) The influence of the stress state in the beams of the crane in their strength and endurance. Izvest vuzov. Construction 7:9–12Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Antsev VYu et al (2017) Methods of determining the margin of cyclic crack resistance of metal structures for hoisting machinery. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 177:012096. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lobov NA (1976) Calculation of dynamic loads of a bridge crane during its movement. Bull Mach Build I:44–48Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Streltsov SV, Ryzhikov VA, Kharlamov PV (2013) Influence of the braking process on the stressed state of the metal structure of the gantry crane. Modern problems of science and education. No. 6. Accessed 10 Dec 2013
  8. 8.
    Zakrevskiy MP et al (2004) Analysis of limit states of the crane beams. Saf Ind 3:31–33Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pinca CB, Tirian GO (2009) Research on increasing the lastingness of a rolling bridge. Wseas Trans Appl Theor Mech 1(4):115–124Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pinca CB, Tirian GO (2009) The analysis of the stresses and strains state of the strength structure of a rolling bridge for increasing its solidity. In: Proceedings of the 2nd WSEAS international conference on engineering mechanics, structures and engineering geology Rodos, Greece, 22–25 July 2009, pp 79–84Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zolina TV (2010) Ensuring the safe operation of industrial buildings with crane equipment. Collection “Modernization of Russian Regions: Investing in Innovation”. Materials of the IV International NPC, 15.10.2010. Astrakhan, pp 16–18Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Alexandrov MP (2000) Load-lifting machines. MSTU them. N.E, Bauman, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ladecki B et al (2014) Experimental analysis of a gantry crane of a shell structure. Eng Trans 62(2):171–186Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Radu GN et al (2015) Experimental studies regarding the risk-free work of the gantry crane. J Eng Stud Res 21(4):60–67Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dyaconov VP (2007) Mathcad 13 in mathematics. Solon Press, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zienkiewicz OC, Taylor RL (2000) Finite element method, 5th edn. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Haniszewski T (2016) Strenght Analysis of overhead traveling crane with use of finite element method. Transp Probl 9(1):19–26Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Candas A, Kayaoğlu E (2013) FEM and experimental stress analysis of a jib crane. Appl Mech Mater 395–396:877–880. Scholar
  19. 19.
    Meng W et al (2013) Reliability analysis-based numerical calculation of metal structure of bridge crane. Math Probl Eng. Scholar
  20. 20.
    Slesarev GA, Tibanov VP (1985) Textbook on the design and calculation of metal structures of lifting and transporting machines. MSTU them. N.E. Bauman, MoscowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI)NovocherkasskRussia
  2. 2.Don State Technical UniversityRostov on DonRussia

Personalised recommendations