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Vitamins

  • Bernard Faye
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
Chapter

Abstract

Vitamins are organic nutrients that all organisms require in small amount from their diet. Those nutrients are essential for the health, and their deficiency could be dramatic for animals and humans. They play different roles (cofactor of diverse enzymes, regulator of mineral metabolism and antioxidant activity, etc.) involved in the general metabolism of the organism. Vitamins are included in feed supplement of livestock and poultry (mineral-vitamin powders and blocks), but in most of camel farming systems, only vitamins present in the natural diet are available for the animals. The most studied vitamins in camel are vitamin A, B1, C, D and E. Plasma vitamin A increased with the age. The vitamin A deficiency could provoke crepuscular cecity in young camel. Deficiency in vitamin B1 causing polioencephalomalacia is described in racing camels. Vitamin C is particularly abundant in camel milk. Vitamin D is also in high concentration in plasma and is linked to bone metabolism. Vitamin E is contributing to reproduction efficiency of the camel.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Faye
    • 1
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Research UnitSELMET (Livestock system in Mediterranean and tropical milieu)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.FAO Regional OfficeTunisTunisia
  3. 3.IAV Hassan IIRabatMorocco

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