Macro-minerals and Electrolytes

  • Bernard Faye
  • Mohammed Bengoumi


The macro-minerals, namely, calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and magnesium (Mg), and electrolytes, namely, sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), and bicarbonates (H2CO3), play different essential roles in organisms as fundamental constituents of skeletal structures (bones and teeth) and by their intervention in many functions contributing to the live metabolism. They are also involved in the mechanism of adaptation of camel in desert conditions, the electrolytes participating actively to the cycle dehydration/rehydration and to the water metabolism. Moreover, due to the strong skeleton of the animals (long legs, long neck, heavy head), the bone metabolism where calcium and phosphorus are essential, the macro-minerals investigation in this species was relatively important in the scientific literature. The variability of these parameters in camel are consequently highly under the dependance of the growing and watering status.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Faye
    • 1
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Research UnitSELMET (Livestock system in Mediterranean and tropical milieu)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.FAO Regional OfficeTunisTunisia
  3. 3.IAV Hassan IIRabatMorocco

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