• Bernard Faye
  • Mohammed Bengoumi


The idea to use blood biochemical parameters to evaluate the health status of one individual is an old practice in human medicine (cf.,e.g., Carmaldt et al. 1970). In veterinary medicine, blood analyses have been proposed to help the diagnosis of cattle diseases since nearly one century (Abderhalden 1898). But they were initially developed only in the 1960s in specialized research laboratories (Michel 1980), in Veterinary Services, and later on with the development of dry chemistry methods and miniaturization of the analyzers in the veterinary cabinets. Beyond the diagnosis needs (Kerr 1989), veterinary surgeons and zootechnicians are also wondering about the relevance of blood analyses to evaluate the nutritional status of animals (Rowlands 1980), particularly during investigations in farms in which it is difficult to have reliable information on feeding (Barnouin et al. 1994). Currently, a whole set of analyses that are critical for vets’ diagnostics and farmers’ decision-making is proposed to the livestock and animal health actors to define metabolic, biochemical, or blood profiles.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Faye
    • 1
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Research UnitSELMET (Livestock system in Mediterranean and tropical milieu)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.FAO Regional OfficeTunisTunisia
  3. 3.IAV Hassan IIRabatMorocco

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