Advertisement

Introduction

  • Bernard Faye
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
Chapter

Abstract

The idea to use blood biochemical parameters to evaluate the health status of one individual is an old practice in human medicine (cf.,e.g., Carmaldt et al. 1970). In veterinary medicine, blood analyses have been proposed to help the diagnosis of cattle diseases since nearly one century (Abderhalden 1898). But they were initially developed only in the 1960s in specialized research laboratories (Michel 1980), in Veterinary Services, and later on with the development of dry chemistry methods and miniaturization of the analyzers in the veterinary cabinets. Beyond the diagnosis needs (Kerr 1989), veterinary surgeons and zootechnicians are also wondering about the relevance of blood analyses to evaluate the nutritional status of animals (Rowlands 1980), particularly during investigations in farms in which it is difficult to have reliable information on feeding (Barnouin et al. 1994). Currently, a whole set of analyses that are critical for vets’ diagnostics and farmers’ decision-making is proposed to the livestock and animal health actors to define metabolic, biochemical, or blood profiles.

References

  1. Abderhalden E (1898) Zur quantitativen vergleichenden analyse des blutes. Z Physiol Chem 25:65–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnouin J, Chacornac JP, Aissaoui C, El Idilbi N, Mazur A (1994) Comment dépister les déséquilibres biologiques et les troubles de santé chez la vache laitière dans le cadre d’études écopathologiques. Vet Res 25:104–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bengoumi M (1992) Biochimie clinique du dromadaire et mécanismes de son adaptation à la deshydratation. Thèse de doctorat ès Sciences Agronomiques, I.A.V. Hassan II, rabat, Maroc, 184 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Bengoumi M, Essamadi K, Tressol JC, Faye B (1998) Comparative study of copper and zinc metabolism in cattle and camel. Biol Trace Element Res 63:81–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bucci JT, Botros BAM, Gaines JF, Atrash S (1982) Technique for liver biopsy in the dromedary camel. Vet Rec 110:200–201CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Carmalt MHB, Freeman P, Stephens AJH, Whitehead TP (1970) Value of routine multiple blood tests in patients attending the general practitioner. Br Med J:620–623Google Scholar
  7. Cherrier R, Sumboro M, Faye B (1991) Note sur une méthode de biopsie chez le jeune dromadaire. Rev. Elev. Méd. Vét. Pays Trop., 44, 131–133Google Scholar
  8. Farver TB (1997) Concepts of normality in clinical biochemistry (Chapter 1). In: Kaneko J, Harvey J, Bruss M (eds) Clinical biochemistry of domestic animals, 5th edn. Academic Press, New York, p 932Google Scholar
  9. Faye B, Bengoumi M (1997) Données nouvelles sur le métabolisme des principaux éléments-traces chez le dromadaire. Rev Elev Méd Vét Pays Trop 50:47–53Google Scholar
  10. Faye B, Nurseitova M, Konuspayeva G, Alsharary BS, Jurjanz S (2013) Hump biopsy on large camelids (Camelus dromedarius and Camelus bactrianus). J Camel Pract Res 20(2):1–4Google Scholar
  11. Fayet JC, Genest M, Chacornac JP, Chonion N, Faye B, Barnouin J, Paccard P, Chassagne M, Brochart M (1986) Enquête écopathologique continue: 6. Influence de facteurs zootechniques et spatio-temporels sur quelques variables biochimiques chez les vaches laitières. Ann Rech Vet 17:215–223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Higgins AJ, Kock RA (1984) The camel in health and disease. I. A guide to the clinical examination, chemical restraint and medication of the camel. Br Vet J 140:485–504CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Kerr MG (2001) Veterinary laboratory medicine, 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell, New Jersey, 392 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Khanna D (1993) Adaptative responses of camel to dehydration and rehydration following water restriction. PhD Thesis, Ajmer University, India, 307 pGoogle Scholar
  15. Lamand M (1987) Place du laboratoire dans le diagnostic des carences en oligo-éléments. Rec Med Vet 163:1071–1082Google Scholar
  16. Michel MC (1980) Utilisation des profils métaboliques dans l’élevage bovin. Bull Techn CRZV Theix-INRA 41:23–31Google Scholar
  17. Rai AK, Khanna ND (1988) National Research Camel Center, Bikaner (India). Annual report 1988, 76 pGoogle Scholar
  18. Rowlands GJ (1980) A review of variations in the concentrations of metabolites in the blood of beef and dairy cattle associated with physiology, nutrition and disease, with particular reference to the interpretation of metabolic profiles. World Rev Nutr Diet 35:172–235CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Singh AP, Sharma SN, Taneja M (1994) Status of zinc (Camelus dromedarius) with reference to blood serum, seminal plasma and hair. Indian J Anim Sci 64:750–751Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Faye
    • 1
  • Mohammed Bengoumi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre de Coopération International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement Research UnitSELMET (Livestock system in Mediterranean and tropical milieu)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.FAO Regional OfficeTunisTunisia
  3. 3.IAV Hassan IIRabatMorocco

Personalised recommendations