Bureaucratic Management of Diplomats and Diplomacy

  • Yolanda Kemp SpiesEmail author


This chapter explores the institutional framework of diplomatic practice. Spies discusses the nature and roles of foreign ministries—the bureaucracies that facilitate and regulate the daily work of diplomats—and explains why they tend to be ‘flag-ship’ government institutions. She explains their dual presence through head offices at the domestic level, and externally through networks of resident diplomatic missions. The contemporary challenges of foreign ministries are analysed first from a general perspective and thereafter from the perspective of ‘struggling’ (poor, fragile or new) developing states. Finally, consideration is given to the manner in which foreign ministries across the world are adapting to such challenges, including the reality that they have become managers rather than gate-keepers of foreign policy implementation.

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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