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Nightmares

  • Michael Schredl
Chapter

Abstract

Nightmares are defined as very negatively toned dreams and have been experienced by many from time to time. If they occur very often and cause clinically significant distress, a nightmare disorder should be diagnosed. The etiology of nightmares is explained by a disposition-stress model; in addition, traumata and psychoactive drugs might play a role. Interestingly, research has provided evidence that simple cognitive interventions like the imagery rehearsal therapy are very effective for coping with nightmares.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Schredl
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Institute of Mental HealthMannheimGermany

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