Conclusions: Reconsidering Sweden’s International Contemporary Recognition and Historical Standing in Regard to Matters of Educational Justice and Equity

  • Dennis Beach


The concluding chapter closes the book by paraphrasing Levi Strauss: ‘plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose’. It does this based on the identification of cases of successive governments having consistently steered education by ideology rather than on the basis of the findings and recommendations of scientific research. This is very evident in relation to political decision making in education. It points out that you cannot trust politicians to do anything other than rule in the interests of their own ideology. However, an important additional point is also made in this respect. It is that some politicians seem to be less trustworthy toward the majority of us and in terms of their decisions and associations than others, and that the level of their trustworthiness or its absence seems also to be reflected in the levels and causes of educational inequality, and other forms of inequality as well. The differences that have been identified are between the Social Democrats and the right and center parties. The Social Democrats steered the country from the 1930s to the 1970s and then intermittently between successive right party alliance governments from the middle of the 1970s onwards—from 1982 to 1991, from 1994 to 2006 and since 2014. The Social Democrats steered education as bourgeois socialists. They offered a little more education to the masses than the political right politicians did, but in terms of generally the same kinds of watered-down forms of bourgeois curriculum content and weakly classified and framed forms of progressivism. The right-wing government policies have been far worse for marginalised groups. In fact, historically they have tended to try to deny education to many groups whilst in recent years trying to create conditions for the generation of private profit from selling it. Right-wing politicians have generated a politics that mediates for education, along with everything else, to be economically exploited in private interests, in the interests of the ideology of the dominant class, and for the generation of profit. Absolument! Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose!


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis Beach
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Education and Special EducationUniversity of GothenburgGöteborgSweden

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