Virtual Reality Therapy for Acute/Procedural Pain

  • David Frey
  • Sam R. ShararEmail author


Acute and procedural pain remain difficult for providers to treat. Like other complementary and alternative therapies, immersive virtual reality (VR) therapy has shown promising results. Although VR therapy for acute pain has been investigated since the 2000s, it is still in its infancy. Only recently have falling prices and increased accessibility made this technology available outside of academic institutions. This chapter explores the development, evidence, necessary requirements, and future directions of VR therapy, while addressing challenges faced when attempting to use VR therapy for acute and procedural pain.


Virtual reality VR Acute pain Procedural pain Pain Pain management 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Providence Portland Medical CenterOregon Anesthesiology Group, PCPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain MedicineUniversity of Washington School of Medicine, Harborview Medical CenterSeattleUSA

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