Digital-Assisted Repairing of the Six Steeds in Zhao Mausoleum

  • Qiang ChenEmail author
  • Zhenyu Ouyang
  • Chaoying Luo
  • Jielong Liu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10851)


The Six Steeds of Zhao Mausoleum were world-renowned for its realistic style and typical ancient Chinese carving skills. They were carved in memory of the six horses belong to the Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty and placed on the north slope of Jiuzong Mountain where the mausoleum of emperor located in. By thousand years efflorescing and destructing, they were seriously damaged, and the majority of the surface details were lost. It is urgent and significant to reconstruct the missing parts and give the entire embossments an integrated vision. Cause of the important historical values and complex artistic surface shape, it is hard to reliably restore the missing parts only using the technical method or artist’s method. By combining mathematic method and sculpture modeling method, this paper put forward a way to restore the damaged embossments in virtual space. It is the first time to give the Six Steeds a trustworthy full sight both in the point of artistic style and archaeology; what’s more, the output data of the research can convert into real parts via the CNC machining equipment.


  1. 1.
    Luo, H.: Review of the investigation activities of the ministry of education art and heritage 1940–1945. J. Nanjing Art Inst. (Art Des.) 4, 1–5 (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yang, W.: Experts from China and US jointly repairing “Saluzi” and “Quanmaogua”of the Six Steeds of Zhao Mausoleum. Cult. Reli. 2, 86–95 (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hayes, J., Fai, S., Kretz, S., Ouimet, C., White, P.: Digitally-assisted stone carving of a relief sculpture for the parliament buildings national historic site of Canada, II-5/W3, pp. 97–103 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fatuzzo, G., Mussumeci, G., Oliveri, S.M., Sequenzia, G.: The “Guerriero di Castiglione”: reconstructing missing elements with integrated non-destructive 3D modelling techniques. J. Archaeol. Sci. 38, 3533–3540 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guennebaud, G., Gross, M.: Algebraic point set surfaces. ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 23 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu, X.: Jiu Tang Shu, Zhonghua Book Company, Beijing (1975)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dong, G.: Quan Tang Wen, Zhonghua Book Company, Beijing (1983)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sun, J.: Horse saddles and trappings in the tang dynasty. Cult. Reli. 10, 82–88 (1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiang Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhenyu Ouyang
    • 1
  • Chaoying Luo
    • 1
  • Jielong Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage in Modern Science and TechnologyXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations