Institutional Framework for Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources in Serbia
In this chapter is analysed the institutional framework for conservation of forest genetic resources (FGR) in Serbia, i.e. institutions and organizations responsible for this issue at the republic level. The results show that a number of institutions and organizations are involved in conservation work. The top institutions of public administration are the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management (through the work of the Directorate for Forests) and the Ministry of Environmental Protection (through the work of the Sector for Nature Protection and Climate Change). The public service for nature conservation is responsible for the support and control in the performance of professional activities. The public enterprise for state forests management and public enterprises for management of national parks, as well as other organizations, including non-governmental organizations, are responsible for the implementation of professional activities on FGR conservation. The work of educational and research institutions in relation to the conservation of FGR is done through different projects and programs, at the national and regional level. In most cases, the competencies of institutions and organizations do not relate exclusively to the FGR conservation but also include other activities. Conservation of FGR is a primary objective within the competence of public administration in forestry and nature conservation (competent ministries); public service in nature conservation; public enterprises in forestry and nature conservation; educational and research organizations. Bearing in mind a wide range of the institutional framework, it is necessary to build and implement a policy of cross-sectoral dialogue for successful implementation of FGR conservation activities. Although the conducted analysis did not show any no overlapping of the competencies of institutions and organizations, continuous cooperation and information exchange is necessary.
KeywordsInstitutions Organizations Forestry Genetic resources Serbia
The research was financed by the project “Establishment of forest plantations to increase the afforested areas in Serbia” (TP 31041) and project “Studies of climate changes and their impact on the environment – monitoring impacts, adaptation and mitigation” (no. 43007), sub-project “Socio-economic development, mitigation and adaptation to climate change” (no. 43007/16-III), funded by the Ministry of education, science and technological development of the Republic of Serbia.
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