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Phenotypic Plasticity of European Beech from International Provenance Trial in Serbia

  • Dijana Čortan
  • Marina Nonić
  • Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 65)

Abstract

European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) is a common forest tree species in Europe, distributed across environmentally and climatically diverse regions, resulting in wide natural diversity. Considering its wide distribution and the fact that it is drought-susceptible species, beech received a lot of attention recently, in the light of global warming. Consequently, the provenance trial will provide valuable information about genetic variation patterns of the species, the level of local adaptation to changes in environmental conditions as well as information about the amount of adaptive traits plasticity of the studied species within two research periods. The plastic response of provenance morphological traits depends on differences in climatic conditions of the test site and seed origin, showing changes only if the shift happens towards warmer/drier climate, where higher plasticity were showed in older plants within drier conditions. The presented result also show the existence of considerable genetic variation among European beech provenances, even between provenances that originated from the same geographical region, where genetic differentiation among studied provenances showed an ecotypic pattern. The results show that phenotypic differentiation among populations is not always obvious. The existence of significant genetic variation within and among studied provenances could be crucial to beech adaptations processes in terms of changing climate conditions.

Keywords

Fagus sylvatica L. Provenance trial Phenotypic plasticity Morphological traits Ecodistance transfer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The performed research was conducted within the project “Establishment of forest plantations to increase the afforested areas in Serbia” (TR31041) and project “Studying climate change and its influence on the environment: impacts, adaptation and mitigation” (43007) financed by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia. Many thanks to English Professor Jelena Mladjenović for language revision.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dijana Čortan
    • 1
  • Marina Nonić
    • 2
  • Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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