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Climate Change Aspects in Forest Genetic Resources Conservation in Serbia

  • Jelena Milovanović
  • Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić
  • Marina Nonić
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 65)

Abstract

Serbia’s current adaptive capacity to climate change is fairly modest. However, with the beginning of the process of Serbia’s accession to the European Union, the capacities for strategic consideration of climate change issues began to strengthen. Activities are focused primarily on the processes necessary to reduce the causes of climate change (mitigation), and the consideration of adaptation is still neglected. Forest ecosystems play an important role in the global carbon cycle since they have a large potential for carbon sequestration within forest biomass and forest soils. However, conservation of forest genetic resources has not been recognized as a separate significant mechanism for adaptation to climate change within the national policy framework. Conservationists will face numerous challenges in their attempts to adapt conservation activities to climate change trends. According to the estimated speed of climate change, spontaneous natural selection will play a less important role than phenotypic plasticity. Plasticity will be the most desirable feature in the conservation of natural populations and artificial regeneration. An interesting example of the “carryover effect” from the territory of Serbia is the hypothesis of the phenotype groups formation of Serbian spruce and the high degree of intraspecific variability of this relict and endemic species. National conservation priorities, based on elaborated challenges and adaptive mechanisms of trees, are defined and elaborated through concrete measures and activities.

Keywords

Adaptation Mitigation Conservation challenges National priorities 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia for support through following projects: TR31078 and TR31041.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jelena Milovanović
    • 1
  • Mirjana Šijačić-Nikolić
    • 2
  • Marina Nonić
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Applied Ecology FUTURASingidunum UniversityBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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