Advertisement

Ex Situ Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources in Serbia

  • Srđan Stojnić
  • Saša Orlović
  • Andrej Pilipović
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 65)

Abstract

Ex situ conservation of forest genetic resources (FGR) in Serbia is predominantly based on its preservation through the establishment of field trials, such as seed orchards, provenance trials and clonal archives. In the present chapter we made an overview of ex situ objects founded in Serbia so far, as well as research results gained within them. All the objects have been established by individual selection of plant material from phenotypically superior genotypes which characterized by high stem quality, and above-average height and diameter increments. Nevertheless, present situation on FGR conservation in Serbia is unsatisfactory due to neither sufficient number of objects nor tree species covered. Thus, future activities on ex situ conservation should be directed towards the establishment of new field objects of the most important tree species for Serbian forestry, as well as species that are projected to be the most endangered by climatic change. Likewise, taking into account climate change projections for the region of South-East Europe, a modified approach in tree breeding is required to meet new demands in a rapidly changing environment.

Keywords

Forest genetic resources Ex situ conservation Climate change Republic of Serbia 

References

  1. Aleksić, P., & Jančić, G. (2011). Zaštita šuma od šumskih požara u Javnom preduzeću “Srbijašume”. Šumarstvo, 1–2, 95–110.Google Scholar
  2. Alvarez-Aquino, C., Williams-Linera, G., & Newton, A. C. (2004). Experimental native tree seedling establishment for the restoration of a Mexican cloud forest. Restoration Ecology, 12, 412–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. De Rogatis, A., Ferrazzini, D., Ducci, F., Guerri, S., Carnevale, S., & Belletti, P. (2013). Genetic variation in Italian wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) as characterized by nSSR markers. Forestry, 86, 391–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Erdeši, J. (1996). Vegetativna semenska plantaža hrasta lužnjaka (Quercus robur L.) – izvođački projekat. Sremska Mitrovica: JP “Srbijašume” Beograd, Šumsko gazdinstvo Sremska Mitrovica.Google Scholar
  5. Galović, V., Orlović, S., Zorić, M., Kovačević, B., & Vasić, S. (2014). Different phenology induced genotype diversity of Q. robur in the seed orchard in Srem provenance, Republic of Serbia. In M. Cvjetko Bubalo, I. Radojčić Radovniković, T. Jakovljević, M. Vuković, & D. Erdec Hendrih (Eds.), Natural resources, green technology and sustainable development (p. 133). Zagreb: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology.Google Scholar
  6. Isajev, V. (1987). Oplemenjivanje omorike (Picea omorika/Panč./Purkyne) na genetičko selekcionim osnovama. Doctoral thesis, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry, Serbia.Google Scholar
  7. Isajev, V., Šijačić, M., & Vilotić, D. (1994). Varijabilnost makroskopskih i mikroskopskih karakteristika dvogodišnjih sadnica 26 familija polusrodnika planinskog javora (Acer heldreichii Orph.). Šumarstvo, 3–4, 21–28.Google Scholar
  8. Isajev, V., Mataruga, M., Ivetić, V., & Lučić, A. (2010). Ex situ conserving, testing and utilization gene pool of endemic-relic tree species in Serbia. In R. Ristić, M. Medarević, & Z. Popović (Eds.), First Serbian forestry congress – future with forests (pp. 2–11). Belgrade: University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry.Google Scholar
  9. Ivetić, V., Isajev, V., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2005). Results of fourtheen year’s old Norway spruce provenance test in Serbia. In I. V. Abrudan, G. Sparchez, G. Ignea, D. Simon, G. Ionascu, & G. Chitea (Eds.), Proceedings of the symposium forest and sustainable development (pp. 65–71). Brasov: Universitătii Transilvania Braşov.Google Scholar
  10. Koskela, J., Buck, A., & Teissier du Cros, E. (Eds.). (2007). Climate change and forest genetic diversity: Implications for sustainable forest management in Europe (pp. 1–111). Rome: Bioversity International Available at http://www.euforgen.org/fileadmin/bioversity/publications/pdfs/1216.pdf.Google Scholar
  11. Lavadinović, V., & Marković, N. (2012). The differences of needle length of douglas-fir provenances at two sites in test plantations. Sustainable Forestry, 65–66, 7–14.Google Scholar
  12. Lavadinović, V., Koprivica, M., & Isajev, V. (2004). Phenological characters of Douglas-fir provenances in Serbia. Silva Balcanica, 4, 89–94.Google Scholar
  13. Lavadinović, V., Isajev, V., Rakonjac, L., & Marković, N. (2008). Effect of altitude and continentality of Douglas fir provenances on height increment in test plantations in Serbia. Lesnícky Časopis – Forestry Journal, 54, 53–59.Google Scholar
  14. Lavadinović, V., Miletić, Z., Lavadinović, V., & Isajev, V. (2011a). Variability in magnesium concentration in needles of different douglas-fir provenances. Forestry ideas, 17, 74–79.Google Scholar
  15. Lavadinović, V., Isajev, V., Miletić, Z., & Krstić, M. (2011b). Variability of nitrogen content in the needles of douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii /Mirb./Franco) provenance. Genetika, 43, 407–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lazarević, P., Stojanović, V., Jelić, I., Perić, R., Krsteski, B., Ajtić, R., Sekulić, N., Branković, S., Sekulić, G., & Bjedov, V. (2012). Preliminarni spisak invazivnih vrsta u Republici Srbiji sa opštim merama kontrole i suzbijanja kao potpora budućim zakonskim aktima. Zaštita Prirode, 62, 5–32.Google Scholar
  17. Lučić, A. (2011). Podizanje šuma belog bora (Pinus sylvestris L.) u Srbiji na ekološko-genetičkim osnovama. Doctoral thesis, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry, Serbia.Google Scholar
  18. Lučić, A., Isajev, V., Rakonjac, L., & Živadinović, V. (2011a). Varijabilnost morfometrijskih svojstava šišarica belog bora (Pinus sylvestris L.) u Srbiji. Šumarstvo, 1–2, 83–94.Google Scholar
  19. Lučić, A., Isajev, V., Cvetićanin, R., Rakonjac, L., Novaković, M., Nikolić, A., & Mladenović-Drinić, S. (2011b). Interpopulation genetic-ecological variation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Serbia. Genetika, 43, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lučić, A., Isajev, V., Rakonjac, L., Ristić, D., Kostadinović, M., Babić, V., & Nikolić, A. (2011c). Genetic divergence of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) populations in Serbia revealed by RAPD. Archives of Biological Sciences, 63, 371–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mataruga, M., Isajev, V., & Tucović, A. (2000). Međulinijski varijabilitet fotosintetičkih pigmenata crnog bora (Pinus nigra Arn.). Glasnik Šumarskog Fakulteta, 82, 107–118.Google Scholar
  22. Mataruga, M., Isajev, V., & Tucović, A. (2003). Varijabilnost morfoloških krarakteristika klijavaca 40 linija polusrodnika crnog bora (Pinus nigra Arn.). In J. Berenji (Ed.), Drugi simpozijum za oplemenjivanje organizama (p. 122). Vrnjačka Banja: Društvo genetičara Srbije.Google Scholar
  23. Milad, M., Schaich, H., Bürgi, M., & Konold, W. (2011). Climate change and nature conservation in Central European forests: A review of consequences, concepts and challenges. Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 829–843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nikolić, N. P., & Orlović, S. (2002). Genotipska varijabilnost morfoloških osobina žira hrasta lužnjaka (Quercus robur L.). Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke, 102, 53–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nikolić, N., Merkulov, L. J., Krstić, B., & Orlović, S. (2003). A comparative analysis of stomata and leaf trichome characteristics in Quercus robur L. genotypes. Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke, 105, 51–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nikolić, N., Merkulov, L., Pajević, S., & Krstić, B. (2005). Variability of leaf anatomical characteristics in Pedunculate oak genotypes (Quercus robur L.). In B. Gruev, M. Nikolova, & A. Donev (Eds.), Balkan scientific conference of biology (pp. 240–247). Plovdiv: University of Plovdiv “Paisii Hilendarski”, Faculty of Biology, Union of scientists in Bulgaria.Google Scholar
  27. Nikolić, N., Krstić, B., Pajević, S., & Orlović, S. (2006). Varijabilnost osobina lista kod različitih genotipova hrasta lužnjaka (Quercus robur L.). Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke, 111, 95–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nikolić, N. P., Merkulov, L. S., Krstić, B. Đ., Pajević, S. P., Borišev, M. K., & Orlović, S. (2010). Varijabilnost anatomskih osobina žira kod genotipova hrasta lužnjaka (Quercus robur L.). Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke, 118, 47–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Orlović, S., Radivojević, S., Erdeši, J., Obućina, Z., & Janjatović, G. (2000). Seed orchards of intra-species forms as a way for maintain and increasing genetic variability of Pedunculate oak in Yugoslavia. In T. Oszako & C. Delatour (Eds.), Recent advances on oak health in Europe (p. 31). Warsaw: Forest Research Institute.Google Scholar
  30. Orlović, S., Erdeši, J., Radivojević, S., Obućina, Z., & Janjatović, G. (2001). Strategija i rezultati oplemenjivanja hrasta lužnjaka (Quercus robur L.) u Sremu. Šumarstvo, 1-2, 11–16.Google Scholar
  31. Orlović, S., Ivanković, M., Andonoski, V., Stojnić, S., & Isajev, V. (2014). Forest genetic resources to support global bioeconomy. Annals of Silvicultural Research, 38, 51–61.Google Scholar
  32. Popović, Z., & Lavadinović, V. (2003). Main physical and mechanical wood properties of different Douglas-fir provenances. In Kúdela, J., & S. Kurjatko (Eds.), Proceedings of the 4th international symposium “Wood structure and properties” (pp. 217–219), Zvolen: Arbora Publishers.Google Scholar
  33. Popović, V., Lučić, A., & Rakonjac, L. (2017). Stanje šumskih genetičkih resursa u Srbiji i pregled aktivnosti na njihovoj konzervaciji. Selekcija i Semenarstvo, 23, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (1995). Procena genetskog potencijala osam provenijencija smrče (Picea abies/L./Karst) iz test kultura kod Ivanjice. Master thesis, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry, Serbia.Google Scholar
  35. Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Isajev, V., & Mataruga, M. (2000). Evaluation of morhometric properties of several spruce (Picea abies/L./Karsten) provenances in monocultures in Serbia. In E. Klimo, H. Hager, & J. Kulhavý (Eds.), Spruce monocultures in Central Europe – problems and prospects (pp. 145–153). Joensuu: European Forest Institute.Google Scholar
  36. Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Milovanović, J., Nonić, M., Knežević, R., & Babić, V. (2012). Ekotipska karakterizacija genetičke varijabilnosti provenijencija bukve iz jugoistočne Evrope na osnovu morfometrijskih svojstava listova. Glasnik Šumarskog Fakulteta, 106, 197–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Milovanović, J., Nonić, M., Knežević, R., & Stanković, D. (2013). Leaf morphometric characteristics variability of different beech provenances in juvenile development stage. Genetika, 45, 369–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Štajner, D., Orlović, S., Popović, B., Kebert, M., Stojnić, S., & Klašnja, B. (2013). Chemical parameters of oxidative stress adaptability in beech. Journal of Chemistry.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/592695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Stojanović, B. D., Krzić, A., Matović, B., Orlović, S., Duputie, A., Djurdjević, V., Galić, Z., & Stojnić, S. (2013). Prediction of the European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) xeric limit usinga regional climate model: An example from southeast Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 176, 94–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Stojanović, B. D., Matović, B., Orlović, S., Kržić, A., Trudić, B., Galić, Z., Stojnić, S., & Pekeč, S. (2014). Future of the main important forest tree species in Serbia from the climate change perspective. South-East European Forestry, 5, 117–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stojanović, D., Levanič, T., Matović, B., & Orlović, S. (2015). Growth decrease and mortality of oak floodplain forests as a response to change of water regime and climate. European Journal of Forest Research, 134, 555–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Pilipović, A., Kebert, M., Šijačić-Nikolić, M., & Vilotić, D. (2010). Variability of physiological parameters of different European beech provenances in international provenance trials in Serbia. Acta Silvatica & Lignaria Hungarica, 6, 135–142.Google Scholar
  43. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Galić, Z., Vasić, V., Vilotić, D., Knežević, M., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2012a). Stanišne i klimatske karakteristike u provenijeničnim testovima bukve na Fruškoj gori i u Debelom Lugu. Topola, 189/190, 145–162.Google Scholar
  44. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Pilipović, A., Vilotić, D., Šijačić-Nikolić, M., & Miljković, D. (2012b). Variation in leaf physiology among three provenances of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) in provenance trial in Serbia. Genetika, 44, 341–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Stojnić, S., Sass-Klaassen, U., Orlović, S., Matović, B., & Eilmann, B. (2013). Plastic growth response of European beech provenances to dry site conditions. IAWA Journal, 34, 475–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stojnić, S., Trudić, B., Galović, V., Šimunovački, Đ., Đorđević, B., Rađević, V., & Orlović, S. (2014). Očuvanje genetičkih resursa hrasta lužnjaka (Quercus robur L.) na području Javnog preduzeća “Vojvodinašume”. Topola, 193/194, 47–71.Google Scholar
  47. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Živković, U., von Wuehlisch, G., & Miljković, D. (2015a). Phenotypic plasticity of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stomatal features under water deficit assessed in provenance trial. Dendrobiology, 73, 163–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Miljković, D., Galić, Z., Kebert, M., & von Wuehlisch, G. (2015b). Provenance plasticity of European beech leaf traits under differing environmental conditions at two Serbian common garden sites. European Journal of Forest Research, 134, 1109–1125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Ballian, D., Ivanković, M., Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Pilipović, A., Bogdan, S., Kvesić, S., Mataruga, M., Daničić, V., Cvjetković, B., Miljković, D., & von Wuehlisch, G. (2015c). Provenance by site interaction and stability analysis of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) provenances grown in common garden experiments. Silvae Genetica, 64, 133–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Trudić, T., Kesić, L., Stanković, M., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2016). Height and root-collar diameter growth variability of european beech provenances from Southeast Europe. Topola/Poplar, 197–198, 5–14.Google Scholar
  51. Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Miljković, D., & von Wuehlisch, G. (2016b). Intra- and inter-provenance variation of leaf morphometric traits in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) provenances. Archive of. Biological Sciences, 68, 781–788.Google Scholar
  52. Tešević, V., Doković, D., Milosavljević, S., Lavadinović, V., Matović, M., & Vujević, D. (2002). Etarsko ulje četina duglazije (Pseudotsuga menziesii Mirb. Franco) iz različitih provenijencija. Lekovite Sirovine, 22, 53–57.Google Scholar
  53. Vukin, M., & Isajev, V. (2004). Istraživanje uticaja određenih klimatskih činilaca na visinski prirast crnog bora u semenskoj plantaži na Jelovoj Gori. Glasnik Šumarskog Fakulteta, 90, 91–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Vukin, M., & Isajev, V. (2006). Uticaj klimatskog indeksa na debljinski prirast 40 linija polusrodnika crnog bora. Glasnik Šumarskog Fakulteta, 93, 31–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. von Wuehlisch, G. (2004). Series of international provenance trials of European beech. In K. Sagheb-Talebi, P. Madsen, & K. Terazawa (Eds.), Proceedings from the 7th international beech symposium IUFRO Research Group 1.10.00 improvement and silviculture of beech (pp. 135–144). Tehran: Research Insitute of Forests and Rangelands.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srđan Stojnić
    • 1
  • Saša Orlović
    • 1
  • Andrej Pilipović
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Lowland Forestry and EnvironmentUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia

Personalised recommendations