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In Situ Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources in Romania

  • Marius Budeanu
  • Flaviu Popescu
  • Neculae Şofletea
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 65)

Abstract

In Romania, the forest genetic resources are included in two National Catalogues approved by ministerial orders. First is The National Catalogue of Forest Genetic Resources which includes 698 cores with main role of conservation, 577 of them being preserved in situ. Thus, the total area of in situ conservation is 10559.3 ha, being constituted especially for the main species from Romanian forests: European beech, Norway spruce, Silver fir and Oaks. At the same time, a large number of the conservation cores were established for some species with a low participation in the forest area (e.g. European larch, Scots pine) but located in natural populations where the environmental conditions are limited Most of the in situ conservation cores are also included in The National Catalogue of Forest Reproductive Materials. A total of 138 cores, accounting for 24% of the total number of the in situ conservation stands, with an area of 2140.7 ha, are the forest genetic resources located in different types of protected areas (national and natural parks, scientific and natural reservations, biosphere reservation, forest park or secular forests).

Keywords

Breeding programme Forest dynamic conservation Marginal populations Seed sources 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Budeanu Marius and Popescu Flaviu acknowledge the Department of Trees Genetic and Breeding of the National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry “Marin Drăcea” for necessary facilities and funding agencies [ANCSI (PN09460209, PN16330203) and UEFISCDI (Contract 618/2005)] for financial assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marius Budeanu
    • 1
  • Flaviu Popescu
    • 1
  • Neculae Şofletea
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry “Marin Drăcea”VoluntariRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Silviculture and Forest EngineeringTransilvania University of BraşovBraşovRomania

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