Conserving Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources: The Hellenic Legal Framework
The Mediterranean Basin is among the top biodiversity hotspots globally due to the high endemism and the vast number of flora and fauna species harbored in its ecosystems. Hellenic ecosystems, being also Mediterranean ecosystems, are biodiversity hotspots that harbor 22% of the species found across the Mediterranean basin, while 10% of the plants occurring in them are endemic. The value of conserving biodiversity in natural ecosystems was recognized at the national level as early as 1937 and ever since a great part of the Hellenic ecosystems is conserved in situ under national and European legislation, as well under International Conventions. A solid, but also large and complicated legal framework is in effect in the country for the protection of the biodiversity and the genetic resources. The legal framework includes Laws that have incorporated Regional (EU) and International legislation into the national legal framework, as well as the national legislation on the conservation of nature, biodiversity and genetic resources. In the current chapter the above legal framework, under which a notable part of the surface of the country is currently protected, will be presented in short.
KeywordsForest ecosystems Protected areas National laws Regional laws International conventions for biodiversity
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