Advertisement

State of Forests in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ecological and Vegetation Distribution, Management and Genetic Variability

  • Milan Mataruga
  • Dalibor Ballian
  • Rifet Terzić
  • Vanja Daničić
  • Branislav Cvjetković
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 65)

Abstract

According to the data obtained after the Second National Forest Inventory in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2006–2009) was carried out, the total area of forests and forest land in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is 3,231,500 ha or 63.08%, whilst the area covered by forest takes up 2,904,600 ha, or 56.7% of the total Bosnia and Herzegovina land area The land area of BiH is divided into four ecological vegetation areas (Pripanon, Inner Dinarides, Transitional Illyrian-Moesiac area and Mediterranean area). The spatial distribution of the main vegetation types is influenced by horizontal zonation and altitudinal belts. These areas are then followed by the mountainous belt with beech forests, beech and fir, beech and fir with spruce and the subalpine beech forest belt. There is a great number of endemic species and habitats and relic locations – a terrestrial flora and fauna shelter, which are now preserved under specific paleo-climate conditions. BiH is one of the countries in Europe with the highest diversity of both, plants and animals species, which are endangered by climate change. The abundance of diversity is reflected in a large number of plant and animal species within the region (about 4500 higher plants, 600 taxa mosses and about 80 ferns, around 250 species of forest trees and shrubs). This is why the position of BiH is high in the list of European countries of a high biodiversity level. The variability has been investigated by molecular markers for the most important species. The variability is high and it is important for meeting climate changes. Afforestation trends in BiH indicate that the afforestation volume decreased. Establishihng of new forests are not at the satisfactory level due to the lack of financial resources and insufficient attention to the aforested areas.

Keywords

Ecology Vegeation Forests Bosnia and Herzegovina 

References

  1. Agencija za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovina. (2014). Preliminarni rezultati popisa stanovništva u BiH.Google Scholar
  2. Ballian, D. (2000). Kvaliteta sadnog materijala u rasadnicima u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine. Seminar “Sjemensko-rasadnička proizvodnja u BiH – Aktuelno stanje i perspektive” (pp. 76–78). Brčko. Zbornik radova.Google Scholar
  3. Ballian, D. (2003a). Procjena genetičke varijabilnosti obične jele (Abies alba Mill.) analizom izoenzima u dijelu prirodnih populacija Bosne i Hercegovine i Hrvatske. Šumarski List, 3–4, 135–151.Google Scholar
  4. Ballian, D. (2003b). Procjena genetičke varijabilnosti obične jele (Abies alba Mill.) analizom cpDNA u dijelu prirodnih populacija Bosne i Hercegovine i Hrvatske. Šumarski List, 7–8, 347–357.Google Scholar
  5. Ballian, D. (2004). Varijabilnost mikrosatelitne DNK u populacijama divlje trešnje iz središnje Bosne. Šumarski List, 11–12, 649–654.Google Scholar
  6. Ballian, D. (2006). Kontrola podrijetla Pančićeve omorike (Picea omorika/Panč./purk.) iz plantaže kod Kaknja pomoću izoenzimskih biljega. Šumarski List, 7–8, 295–304.Google Scholar
  7. Ballian, D. (2007). Genetička struktura smreke (Picea abies Karst.) na planini Vlašić. Radovi HDZU, 9, 211–220.Google Scholar
  8. Ballian, D. (2009). Genetičke strukture obične jele (Abies alba Mill.) iz zapadne i istočne Bosne. Šumarski List, 9/10, 501–512.Google Scholar
  9. Ballian, D. (2012). Genetic variability of forest trees in Bosnia and Herzegovina and important for their method preservation (pp. 97–110). Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina Second International Colloqium “Biodiversity – Theoretical and practical aspects”, 3 Dec 2010, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Special Editions CXLVIII.Google Scholar
  10. Ballian, D., & Božič, G. (2004). Kontrola morfološke identifikacije klonova iz sjemenske plantaže bijelog bora “Koziji grm” pomoću izoenzimskih markera. Radovi Šumarski Fakultet U Sarajevu, 1, 47–56.Google Scholar
  11. Ballian, D., Bogunić, F., & Konnert, M. (2005). Usporedba molekularno genetičkih svojstava sjemenskih plantaža običnog bora (Pinus sylvestris L.) u Bosni i Hercegovini. Radovi Šumarski Institute Jastrebarsko, 41(2), 7–16.Google Scholar
  12. Ballian, D., Grebenc, T., Božič, G., Melnik, V., Wraber, T., & Kraigher, H. (2006a). History, genetic differentiation and conservation strategies for disjunct populations of Sibiraea species from South-Eastern Europe and Asia. Conservation Genetics, 7(6), 895–907.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ballian D., Ivanković M., & Slade D. (2006b). The distribution of the populations of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) liebl) in Bosnia and Herzegovina by cloroplasts dna (cpDNA) and its application in forestry. In: Bohnens, J., & Rau, H.-M. (Hrsg.). Forstliche Genressourcen als Produktionsfaktor. 26. Tagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Forstgenetik und Forstpflanzenzüchtungvom 20. bis 22. Oktober 2005 in Fuldatal (pp. 61–66, 121–131). Hann. Münden: Hessen-Forst.Google Scholar
  14. Ballian, D., Longauer, R., Mikić, T., Paule, L., Kajba, D., & Gömöry, D. (2006c). Genetic structure of a rare European conifer, Serbian spruce (Picea omorika (Panč.) Purk.). Plant Sistematics and Evolution, 260, 53–63 Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ballian, D., Bogunić, F., Konnert, M., Kraigher, H., Pučko, M., & Božič, G. (2007a). Genetička diferenciranost subpopulacija obične smreke (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) na planini Igman. Šumarski List, 1/2, 13–23.Google Scholar
  16. Ballian, D., Bogunić, F., & Božič, G. (2007b). Genetička varijabilnost obične smreke (Picea abies /L./ H. Karst.) u bosanskom dijelu Dinarida. Šumarski List, 6/7, 237–246.Google Scholar
  17. Ballian, D., Giersberg, B., & Tröber, U. (2008a). Genetička varijabilnost obične tise (Taxus baccata L.) u Bosni i Hercegovini. Šumarski List, 9(10), 431–443.Google Scholar
  18. Ballian, D., Monteleone, I., Ferrazzini, D., Kajba, D., & Bellett, P. (2008b). Genetic characterization of common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) population in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Periodicum Biologorum, 110(4), 323–328.Google Scholar
  19. Ballian, D., Bogunić, F., & Božič, G. (2009). Genetic Research of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) from extreme areas of Spaghno-Piceetum in Slovenia & Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dendrobiology, 61(Supplement), 137–144.Google Scholar
  20. Ballian, D., Ivanković, M., Gračan, J., Perić, S., Marjanović, H., Bobinac, M., & Slade, D. (2010a). Analysis of pubescent oak (Quercus pubescens Willd.) Ba means of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) in the western part of Balkan peninsula. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 79(3), 189–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ballian, D., Belletti, P., Ferrazzini, D., Bogunić, F., & Kajba, D. (2010b). Genetic variability of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Periodicum Biologorum, 112(3), 353–362.Google Scholar
  22. Brujić, J. (2011). Zaštićena područja, rijetke i ugrožene vrste u RS i prioriteti u zaštiti šumskih genetičkih resursa. Predavanja na temu “Program očuvanja šumskih genetičkih resursa Republike Srpske”. Ljubić-Han Kram, 01–02 Sept 2011.Google Scholar
  23. CLC. (2006). Technical guidelines EEA Technical report No 17/2007.Google Scholar
  24. Cvjetković, B., Konnert, M., Fussi, B., Mataruga, M., Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Daničić, V., & Lučić, A. (2017). Norway spruce (Picea abies karst.) variability in progeny tests in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Genetika, 49(1), 259–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. FAO. (2015). The forest sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina preparation of IPARD forest and fisheries sector reviews in Bosnia and Herzegovina (pp. 1–146).Google Scholar
  26. Fussi, B., Petropoulos, S., Daničić, V., Aravanopoulos, F., & Konnert, M. (2016). Genetic diversity of Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) populations of Central and South- eastern European origin. IUFRO. Forest genomics and Forest Tree Genetics, Book of abstracts (p. 49).Google Scholar
  27. Gömöry, D., Longauer, D., Liepelt, S., Ballian, D., Brus, R., Kraigher, H., Parpan, V. I., Stupar, P. I., Paule, L., & Ziegenhagen, B. (2004). Variation patterns of mitochondrial DNA of Abies alba Mill. in suture zones of postglacial migration in Europe. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 73(3), 203–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gömöry, D., Paule, L., & Ballian, D. (2007). Genetic aspect of the conservation of rare endem tree species: A case study of Picea omorika (Panč.) Purk. Geobiocenologicke Spisy, Brno, 12, 73–82.Google Scholar
  29. Hase, I., Heinze, B., Arthofer, W., Kajba, D., & Ballian, D. (2007, January 13–17). Candidate genes for hairiness. In Poplar. Plant & animal genomes XV conference. San Diego: Town & Country Convention Center. Books of abstracts.Google Scholar
  30. Hewit, G. (2011). Mediterranean Peninsulas: The evolution of hotspots. In F. E. Zachos & J. Christian (Eds.), Habel biodiversity hotspots distribution and protection of conservation priority areas (pp. 123–147). Heidelberg/Dordrecht/London/New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  31. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/bosnia_herzegovina_land_1993.jpg (On February 23rd 2017).Google Scholar
  32. http://www.vidiani.com/physical-map-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina/ (On February 13th 2017).Google Scholar
  33. Kajba, D., Ballian, D., Heinze, B., Idzojtic, M., & Bogdan, S. (2004). Populus nigra ssp. caudina and its importance for forest tree improvement and conservation of poplar genetic resources. In IPC 2004 – Chile, 22nd session, International Poplar Commission, Santiago – Chile, 28 November – 9 December 2004. Book of abstracts.Google Scholar
  34. Marić, B., Avdibegović, M., Blagojević, D., Bećirović, D. Ž., Brajić, A., Mutabdžija, S., Delić, S., & Pezdevšek Malovrh, Š. (2012). Conflicts between forestry and wood-processing industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Reasons, actors and possible solutions. South-East European Forestry, 1, 41–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mataruga, M., Isajev, V., Konstantinov, K., Mladenović-Drinić, S., & Daničić, V. (2007). Protein in seed and seedlings of selected austrian pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) trees as genetic markers tolerant to drought. Genetika, 39(2), 259–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mataruga, M., Isajev, V., Balotić, P., Rose, R., & Wu, S. (2012). Forest seed and seedling production in Republic of Srpska (Bosnia & Herzegovina) – Current status and future development. International scientific conference “Forestry science and practice for the purpose of sustainable development of forestry – 20 years of Faculty of Forestry in Banja Luka”. In Proceedings (pp. 621–634).Google Scholar
  37. Mataruga, M., Galović, V., Isajev, V., Orlović, S., Cvjetković, B., Daničić, V., & Balotić, P. (2014, September 28–October 2). Genetic characterization of Norway spruce (Picea abies/L./Karst.). in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Fifth congress of the Serbian Genetic Society, Belgrade. Book of abstracts (p. 248).Google Scholar
  38. Mekić, F. (2003). Dinamička trajnost načelo temelja šumarske politike. Stanje i perspektive proizvodnje sadnog materijala u rasadnicima Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo 18 Dec 2003. Šumarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Katedra za uzgajanje šuma i urbanog zelenila (pp. 7–168).Google Scholar
  39. Musić, J., Obućina, M., Gurda, S., & Halilović, V. (2013). Odnosi šumarstva i drvne industrije u Federaciji BiH. Nova Mehanizacija Šumarstva, 34, 51–60.Google Scholar
  40. Myers, N., Mittermeier, R. A., Mittermeier, C. G., da Fonseca, G., & Kent, J. (1999). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853–858.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. NEAP – Akcioni plan za zaštitu okoliša BiH. (2003). Federalno ministarstvo prostornog uređenja i okoliša i Ministarstvo za urbanizam, stambeno-komunalne djelatnosti, građevinarstvo i ekologiju Republike Srpske (pp. 6–123).Google Scholar
  42. Potter, D. S., Still, M., Grebenc, T., Ballian, D., Božič, G., Franjić, J., & Kraigher, H. (2007). Phylogenetic relationships in tribe Spiraeeae (Rosaceae) inferred from nucleotide sequence data. Plant Sistematics and Evolution, 266, 105–118 Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Red List of Protected Flora and Fauna of Republika of Srpska. (2012). Official Gazette of Republic of Srpska no. 124/12.Google Scholar
  44. Red List of Flora of Federation BiH. (2013). Official Gazette of Federation BiH No. 7/14 (2014).Google Scholar
  45. Slade, D., Skvorc, Z., Ballian, D., Gracan, J., & Papes, D. (2008). The chloroplast DNA polymorphisms of White Oaks of section Quercus in the Central Balkans. Silvae Genetica, 57(4–5), 227–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stupar, V. (2011). Nature conservation in Bosnia and Hercegovina – Problems and perspective (pp. 7–14). Bulletin of Faculty of Forestry University of Banja Luka.Google Scholar
  47. UNDP. (2014). Possibilities of using biomass from forestry and wood industry in Bosnia and Hercegovina (pp. 1–21).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milan Mataruga
    • 1
  • Dalibor Ballian
    • 2
  • Rifet Terzić
    • 3
  • Vanja Daničić
    • 1
  • Branislav Cvjetković
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of Banja LukaBanja LukaBosnia and Herzegovina
  2. 2.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  3. 3.Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TuzlaTuzlaBosnia and Herzegovina

Personalised recommendations