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Epidemiology

  • Williams Fernandes Barra
  • Samia Demachki
  • Geraldo Ishak
  • Paulo Pimentel de Assumpção
Chapter

Abstract

Recent decades have witnessed a progressive reduction in the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer worldwide. This trend mainly relates to the reduction of intestinal-type gastric cancer and could be attributed to the knowledge and control of risk factors such as Helicobacter pylori and other dietary and environmental factors. The diffuse gastric cancer maintains a relatively stable incidence. Considering that hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC), determined by germline pathogenic mutations in the CDH1 gene, is responsible for a small portion of diffuse gastric cancer cases, the underlying cause that would explain the unchanged incidence of diffuse gastric cancer is largely unknown. Further investigations into the relationship between risk factors and diffuse gastric cancer tumorigenesis may lead to improvements in cancer prevention, screening, and treatment.

Keywords

Gastric cancer diffuse epidemiology CDH1 Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Williams Fernandes Barra
    • 1
  • Samia Demachki
    • 1
  • Geraldo Ishak
    • 1
  • Paulo Pimentel de Assumpção
    • 1
  1. 1.Núcleo de Pesquisas em Oncologia, Hospital Universitário João de Barros Barreto, Universidade Federal do ParáGuamá, BelémBrazil

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