Modern Management of Ophthalmic Injuries

  • Paolo Arpa
  • Marco Azzolini
  • Luca Biraghi


This chapter covers the management of ocular injuries in the adult patient, with medical and surgical treatment options, divided by the anatomical region of the eye involved.

It’s a practical reference for ophthalmologists and other physicians treating ocular trauma in the emergency room.

It contains up-to-date information on terminology, classification, and epidemiology and includes a score to predict final visual acuity of traumatized eyes.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Arpa
    • 1
  • Marco Azzolini
    • 1
  • Luca Biraghi
    • 1
  1. 1.U.O. OculisticaOspedale San Gerardo, ASST MonzaMonzaItaly

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