Mechanical Response and Damage Evolution of High-Strength Concrete Under Triaxial Loading
Current weapons effects modeling efforts rely heavily on quasi-static triaxial data sets. However, there are fundamental knowledge gaps in the current continuum modeling approach due to limited experimental data in the areas of dynamic effects and damage evolution. Arbitrary scalar values used for damage parameters have experimentally unverified mathematical forms that often do not scale to different geometries, stress states, or strain rates. Although some preliminary tests have been performed through dynamic triaxial compression experiments, the results are difficult to interpret due to changes in specimen diameter and length-to-diameter ratio. In this study, a high-strength concrete (f’c ∼130 MPa) was investigated under triaxial loading conditions at confining pressures up to 300 MPa. Three cylindrical specimen sizes were used to determine size effects, including 50 × 114 mm, 25 × 50 mm, and 25 × 13 mm. For a limited number of specimens, X-Ray Computed Microtomography (XCMT) scans were conducted. It was noted that size and length-to-diameter ratio have substantial effects on the experimental results that must be understood to determine dynamic effects based on specimen geometries used in dynamic triaxial compression experiments. Additionally, by quantifying pore crushing and crack development under a variety of triaxial loading conditions, future multi-scale modeling efforts will be able to incorporate systematically defined damage parameters that are founded on experimental results.
KeywordsTriaxial loading High-strength concrete Damage Aspect ratio Micro-CT
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