Advertisement

What Is It Like to Be an Ostrich?

  • Guido Imaguire
Chapter
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 397)

Abstract

In this chapter, I first present a very short history of contemporary Ostrich Nominalism. This short history is divided into two parts: the friends and foes of the Ostrich, i.e. some contemporary metaphysicians who have explicitly or implicitly assumed a negative or a positive attitude toward Ostrich-style thinking. I strongly suspect that some of the main insights of Ostrich Nominalism were also defended in the more distant past, in particular in medieval philosophy. But I will avoid any attempt to trace them back into this distant past due to the complexities of the history of philosophy. After this short historical outline, based on the views of friends and rivals, I will extract what constitutes the core of this position. Some initial differences between the old Ostrich and the new Priority Nominalism will also become clear at this point.

References

  1. Armstrong, D.M. 1978. Nominalism and Realism, Vol. I: A Theory of Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. ———. 1980. Against ‘Ostrich’ Nominalism: A Reply to Michael Devitt. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61: 440–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Azzouni, J. 2012. Simple Metaphysics and “Ontological Dependence”. In Metaphysical Grounding: Understanding the Structure of Reality, ed. F. Correia and B. Schneider, 234–253. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bergmann, G. 1958. Frege’s Hidden Nominalism. The Philosophical Review 67 (4): 437–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Calemi, F.F. 2016. Ostrich Nominalism or Ostrich Platonism. In Metaphysics and Scientific Realism: Essays in Honour of David Malet Armstrong, ed. F.F. Calemi. Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Melo, T.X. 2013. O Problema dos Universais como um Problema de Categorização Ontológica. Master Dissertation, PPGLM/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  7. Devitt, M. 1980. Ostrich Nominalism’ or ‘Mirage Realism? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61: 433–439 Reprinted in Properties, Mellor, H., and Oliver, A., 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Donagan, A. 1963. Universals and Metaphysical Realism. The Monist 47 (2): 211 Reprinted in Universals and Particulars: Readings in Ontology, ed. Loux, M. 1970, 128–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Frege, G. 1983. In Nachgelassene Schriften und Wissenschaftlicher Briefwechsel, ed. H. Hermes, F. Kambartel, and F. Kaulbach. Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Goodman, N., and W.V.O. Quine. 1947. Steps Toward a Constructive Nominalism. Journal of Symbolic Logic 12: 105–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Melia, J. 2005. Truthmaking Without Truthmakers. In Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate, ed. H. Beebee and J. Dood, 67–84. Oxford: Clarendon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mellor, D.H., and A. Oliver. 1997. Properties. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Peacock, H. 2009. What’s Wrong with Ostrich Nominalism? Philosophical Papers 38: 183–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pickel, B., and N. Mantegani. 2012. A Quinean Critique of Ostrich Nominalism. Philosophers’ Imprint 12 (6): 1–21.Google Scholar
  15. Quine, W.V.O. 1948. On What There Is. In Review of Metaphysics, 2. Reprinted in W. V. O. Quine, From a Logical Point of View, 1–19. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Rodriguez-Pereyra, G. 2002. Resemblance Nominalism. A Solution to the Problem of Universals. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  17. Summerford, J. 2003. Neither Universals Nor Nominalism. Kinds and the Problem of Universals. Metaphysica 5: 101–126.Google Scholar
  18. Van Cleve, J. 1994. Predication Without Universals? A Fling with Ostrich Nominalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (3): 577–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guido Imaguire
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations