About the Complexity to Transfer Cloud Applications at Runtime and How Container Platforms Can Contribute?

  • Nane KratzkeEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 864)


Cloud-native applications are often designed for only one specific cloud infrastructure or platform. The effort to port such kind of applications into a different cloud is usually a laborious one time exercise. Modern Cloud-native application architecture approaches make use of popular elastic container platforms (Apache Mesos, Kubernetes, Docker Swarm). These kind of platforms contribute to a lot of existing cloud engineering requirements. This given, it astonishes that these kind of platforms (already existing and open source available) are not considered more consequently for multi-cloud solutions. These platforms provide inherent multi-cloud support but this is often overlooked. This paper presents a software prototype and shows how Kubernetes and Docker Swarm clusters could be successfully transfered at runtime across public cloud infrastructures of Google (Google Compute Engine), Microsoft (Azure) and Amazon (EC2) and further cloud infrastructures like OpenStack. Additionally, software engineering lessons learned are derived and some astonishing performance data of the mentioned cloud infrastructures is presented that could be used for further optimizations of IaaS transfers of Cloud-native applications.


Cloud-native application Multi-cloud Elastic platform Container Portability Transferability MAPE AWS GCE Azure OpenStack Kubernetes Docker Swarm 



This research is funded by German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (13FH021PX4). I would like to thank Peter Quint, Christian Stüben, and Arne Salveter for their hard work and their contributions to the Project Cloud TRANSIT. Additionally I would like to thank the practitioners Mario-Leander Reimer and Josef Adersberger from QAWare for inspiring discussions and contributions concerning cloud-native application stacks.

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Communication, Systems and Applications (CoSA)Lübeck University of Applied SciencesLübeckGermany

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