Urban Challenges

  • Frank Cunningham
Part of the Critical Political Theory and Radical Practice book series (CPTRP)


Macpherson’s use of democratic models is employed to contrast the ‘possessive-individualist city’ with the ‘developmental-democratic city.’ Themes addressed regarding the possessive-individualist city include gentrification and homelessness; global city rankings; ‘creative cities’; erosion of social services and public spaces within cities; and an urban consumerist ethos. Core features of a developmental-democratic model include retrieval of common property; robust urban citizenship; and an urban vision combining individualism and communalism.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Cunningham
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Philosophy & Political ScienceUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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