Sanctions Against South Africa: Myths, Debates, and Consequences
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Students of the fall of apartheid tend to agree that the international campaign for boycott and divestment sanctions against minority rule in South Africa had only a limited effect on eventual democratization there. However, the prevailing view among the wider public has been very different. The network of international organizations and activists involved in that campaign have understandably enough tended to overstate their contribution and its effects. Yet, as this chapter suggests, this image was promoted for instrumental reasons, especially by Thabo Mbeki, in the context of a foreign policy based on exporting the South African miracle. This was at the expense of giving due recognition to the internal processes and activism in 1980s South Africa, as well as to the armed struggle.