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The Demographic Transition in the Nasa-Indigenous and Black Populations of Northern Cauca (Colombia)

  • Fernando Urrea-GiraldoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Northern Cauca in southwestern Colombia is a multi-ethnic-racial Andean region, inhabited by Indigenous (Nasa-Indigenous), Black and White-Mestizo populations. For the last three decades, this region has experienced a rapid process of modernization associated with a strong agribusiness development and an expansion of industrial maquila companies. Notwithstanding this trend, the Andean Indigenous peasant economy continues to be pivotal in the mountainous area of the region. This chapter presents a comparative analysis of fertility patterns among ethnic-racial minorities (Indigenous and Black) and White-Mestizo populations. It utilizes data from the 1993 and 2005 Colombian population censuses; the Colombian national register of households in poverty; Colombian demographic and Cali household surveys from 2010 to 2015 and one Nasa-Indigenous household survey. In addition, it uses national statistics records of several countries and some data from specialized demographic studies of the World Bank and the United Nations from 2000 to 2015. Accordingly, an international comparison of fertilities among Colombian ethnic-racial minorities and their counterparts in other countries is possible. Conceptually, the chapter draws on insights from Johnstone’s work on Indigenous fertility transitions in developed countries and Caldwell’s transition theory to examine how the increasing levels of schooling and the changes in the occupational structure of this region are affecting the fertility transition of Indigenous and Black minorities.

Keywords

Fertility Ethnic-racial groups Nasa-Indigenous people Black people White-Mestizo population Northern Cauca 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Andrés Fernando Valencia for his insights and for improving the text in English. Also, the valuable assistance of Andres Felipe Candelo Álvarez whose expertise greatly assisted this research. Lastly, I appreciate the helpful discussions of the work with Christian Mauricio Chacua, Luis Gabriel Quiroz, and Angela Melissa Guzmán.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences and EconomicsUniversidad del ValleCaliColombia

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