Advertisement

Cambodia

Implementation of International Human Rights and Human Rights Decisions in Cambodia
  • Daniel Heilmann
Chapter

Abstract

The human rights situation in Cambodia is in many ways unique and different from other countries because of the multidimensionality of the underlying issues. The 1970s and, particularly, the regime of the Khmer Rouge have deeply influenced Cambodian society to this day. The Khmer Rouge is responsible for the genocide, in which approximately two million Cambodians were killed in the short period from 1975 to 1979. It is remarkable that despite this traumatic experience—and while the Khmer Rouge has been removed from power almost 40 years ago—only modest progress has since been made regarding the implementation of international human rights. The law is not the problem. The Cambodian Constitution includes a list of constitutionally guaranteed rights, and Cambodia has ratified the most important international human rights treaties, including the following:
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;

  • International Covenant on Social, Cultural and Economic Rights;

  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women;

  • Convention on the Rights of the Child;

  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide;

  • Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;

  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

References

  1. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (2013) ASEAN human rights declaration and the Phnom Penh statement on the adoption of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD). http://www.asean.org/storage/images/ASEAN_RTK_2014/6_AHRD_Booklet.pdf. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  2. Buergenthal T (2007) Human rights. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Available via Oxford University Press Online. http://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e810?rskey=EcRzwx&result=1&prd=EPIL. Accessed 6 Nov 2017
  3. Cambodian Center for Human Rights (2012) CCHR institutions series: National Human Rights Bodies in Cambodia. http://cchrcambodia.org/admin/media/factsheet/factsheet/english/2012_03_30_CCHR_Institutions_Series_Factsheet_National_Human_Rights_Bodies_ENG.pdf. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  4. Cheng T (2016) Senator Sok hour given seven years for forgery and incitement. The Phnom Penh Post. Available under http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/senator-sok-hour-given-seven-years-forgery-and-incitement. Accessed 7 Nov 2017
  5. Coughlan J, Ghouse S, Smith R (2012) The legacy of the Khmer rouge tribunal: maintaining the status quo of Cambodia’s judicial and legal system. Amst Law Forum 4(2):16–35Google Scholar
  6. Crowther S (2013) Commentary: the election and the ECCC. Cambodia Tribunal Monitor. Available under http://www.cambodiatribunal.org/2013/08/05/commentary-the-election-and-the-eccc-2/. Accessed 7 Nov 2017
  7. Davis MC (1998) Constitutionalism and political culture: the debate over human rights and Asian values. Harv Human Rights J 11:109–148Google Scholar
  8. Donnelly J (2013) Universal human rights in theory and practice, 3rd edn. Cornell University Press, Ithaca (Fn. 7)Google Scholar
  9. Hauerstein K (2016) The constitutional role of the judiciary in Cambodia: international comparison and implication for reform. In: Hor P, Kong P, Menzel J (eds) Cambodian constitutional law. Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Phnom Penh, pp 219–246Google Scholar
  10. Henkin L (1989) The universality of the concept of human rights. Ann Am Acad Polit Soc Sci 506:10–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Karnavas M (2014) Bringing domestic cases into compliance with international standards. Cambodia Law Policy J 1:44–74Google Scholar
  12. Menzel J (2014) General principles of administrative law for a Cambodian context. In: Hau-erstein K, Menzel J (eds) The development of Cambodian adminstrative law. Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Phnom Penh, pp 57–100Google Scholar
  13. Nollkämper A (2011) Universality. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Available via Oxford University Press Online. http://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1497?rskey=gDJrf3&result=1&prd=EPIL. Accessed 6 Nov 2017
  14. Sovuthy K (2016) Senator gets seven years for facebook border post. The Cambodia Daily. Available under https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/opposition-senator-sentenced-seven-years-prison-fake-vietnam-treaty-120293/. Accessed 7 Nov 2017
  15. Taing R (2014) The influence of constitutional law on administrative law – the influence of the constitutional council’s decisions on the administration in Cambodia. In: Hauerstein K, Menzel J (eds) The development of Cambodian adminstrative law. Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Phnom Penh, pp 115–142Google Scholar
  16. Theng CS (2016) Administration: the constitution as a guiding framework for administrative law. In: Hor P, Kong P, Menzel J (eds) Cambodian constitutional law. Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Phnom Penh, pp 247–268Google Scholar
  17. US Department of State – Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (2014) Cambodia 2013 Human Rights Report. http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/220395.pdf. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  18. Zsombor P (2012a) Sonando verdict tests KR tribunal’s legacy. Available under https://www.cambodiadaily.com/archives/sonando-verdict-a-tough-test-for-kr-tribunals-legacy-3360/. Accessed 7 Nov 2017
  19. Zsombor P (2012b) Donors Criticize Sonando Sentence. Available under https://www.cambodiadaily.com/archives/donors-criticize-sonando-sentence-3220/. Accessed 7 Nov 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Heilmann
    • 1
  1. 1.JakartaIndonesia

Personalised recommendations