Reviewing Empirical Examples of Health Research Using Naturally Occurring Data

  • Nikki Kiyimba
  • Jessica Nina Lester
  • Michelle O’Reilly


Pedagogical textbooks designed to teach their readers how to do research can sometimes feel de-contextualised from the practice of research. To overcome this and to demonstrate how naturally occurring data can contribute to health and healthcare practice, this chapter shows how naturally occurring data works. In this chapter, we provide some detailed examples of health research we have been involved in that has used naturally occurring data and reflexively discuss the benefits, the challenges, and the findings from these studies.


Examples of health research Evidence Qualitative Naturally occurring data 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikki Kiyimba
    • 1
  • Jessica Nina Lester
    • 2
  • Michelle O’Reilly
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social and Political ScienceUniversity of ChesterChesterUK
  2. 2.School of EducationIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  3. 3.The Greenwood Institute of Child HealthUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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