Racial Differences in the Effects of Campus Climate on Sense of Belonging at Public Research Universities
In this chapter, the authors examine the effect of campus climate on sense of belonging and how the effect differs by race/ethnicity among college students at public research universities. Findings show that sense of belonging and perceptions of campus climate vary by students’ racial/ethnic backgrounds and that the effect of perceived campus climate on sense of belonging is also conditioned by students’ race/ethnicity. The chapter highlights unique challenges experienced by African American men in college who are less likely to feel a sense of belonging on campus and tend to perceive a less positive campus climate compared to their peers. The authors offer recommendations for higher education institutions attempting to cultivate a more positive campus climate and heightened sense of belonging among diverse students.
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