Perceptions of Campus Climate and Sense of Belonging Among Non-immigrant, First-Generation, and Second-Generation Students

  • Valera K. Hachey
  • Leigh S. McCallen


Immigrant students in the United States may experience the campus environment in ways that have a deleterious impact on their higher education outcomes as compared to non-immigrant students. In this chapter, Hachey and McCallen explore variations in perceptions of campus climate and sense of belonging among non-immigrant, first-generation, and second-generation students. The results suggest large significant differences between non-immigrant students and their peers from immigrant backgrounds in perceptions of respect for their immigration background and feelings of belonging on campus. Contrasts between White students and students of color within the non-immigrant and first-generation groups also suggest strong differential effects in perceptions of respect for immigration background. The authors conclude by discussing implications for future research and institutional practices to increase belonging among immigrant students.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valera K. Hachey
    • 1
  • Leigh S. McCallen
    • 2
  1. 1.Walden UniversityMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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