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Interdisciplinarity in Water Research and Water Models

  • Úrsula Oswald Spring
Chapter
Part of the Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice book series (PAHSEP, volume 17)

Abstract

Water covers 41 per cent of the Earth’s surface. However, only 3 per cent is freshwater and 68.7 per cent of this is frozen in polar ice caps and glaciers; 30.1 per cent is located in deep aquifers and 0.9 per cent in other conditions. Thus, only 0.3 per cent is surface water, of which 87 per cent is in lakes and dams, 11 per cent in wetlands and 2 per cent in rivers (UN Water 2015). This freshwater is shared among a growing population, where the number of people tripled during the last century, but water use increased six fold. Further, 41 per cent of the Earth’s surface belongs to drylands, where 30 per cent of the population lives. These water-scarce regions produce half of the livestock worldwide and grow 44 per cent of the global food supply.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Centre for Multidisciplinary Research (CRIM)National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)CuernavacaMexico

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