Advertisement

Introduction: Key Texts of the Author on Methodology, Development, Regions, Gender and Environment and the Book Structure

  • Úrsula Oswald Spring
Chapter
Part of the Pioneers in Arts, Humanities, Science, Engineering, Practice book series (PAHSEP, volume 17)

Abstract

These chapters offer reflections on my scientific work and my life experience, first in post-colonial Africa in the 1960s, later the critical psychological re-elaboration of several traumatic experiences in Africa during the student revolt in Europe in 1968 and finally my field research, political activities and social involvement with bottom-up women and peasant movements in Mexico, Latin America, India, Thailand and North Africa. This chapter links the social and natural sciences, climate studies and humanities from a gender perspective. Later, based on my involvement and experience with bottom-up social movements, I address the environmental care for and restoration of ecosystem services for socially vulnerable people in particular.

References

  1. Annan, Kofi (2005). In larger Freedom: Towards Security, Development and Human Rights for All, Report of the Secretary General for Decision by Head of States and Governments, New York, UNGA.Google Scholar
  2. Barrera, Victor Hugo, Jeffrey Alwang, Elena Cruz (2010). Experiencia de manejo integral de recursos naturales en la subcuencas del río Chimbo, Quito, INIAP-SAMREM, CRSP-Senacyt, Ed. Abya-Yara.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, Ulrich (2009). World at Risk, Polity Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, Ulrich (2014). Ulrich Beck Pioneer in Cosmopolitan Sociology and Risk Society, Springer Briefs, Cham.Google Scholar
  5. Bogardi, Janos, H.G. Brauch (2005). “Global Environmental Change: A Challenge for Human Security”, in A. Rechkemmer (Ed.), UNEO-towards an International Environ-mental Organization-Approaches to a sustainable reform of global environmental governance, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 85–109.Google Scholar
  6. Boron, Atila (2005). Guardianes de la democracia, Bogotá, Agencia Latinoamericana de Información.Google Scholar
  7. Boulding, Kenneth (1966). The economics of the Coming Spaceship Earth”, University of Colorado, Colorado.Google Scholar
  8. Brauch, Hans Günter (2005). Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks in Environmental and Human Security, Source 1, Bonn, UNU-EHS.Google Scholar
  9. Brauch, Hans Günter, Simon Dalby, Úrsula Oswald Spring (2012). “Political Geoecology for the Anthropocene”, in Hans Günter Brauch et al. (Eds.), Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security – Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 1453–1486.Google Scholar
  10. Brauch, Hans Günter, Úrsula Oswald Spring, Czeslaw Mesjasz et al. (Eds.) (2012). Coping with Global Environmental Change, Disasters and Security. Threats, Challenges, Vulnerabilities and Risks, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer.Google Scholar
  11. Brauch, Hans Günter, Úrsula Oswald Spring, John Grin, Czeslaw Mesjasz, Heinz Krummenacher, Navnita Behera Chadha, Béchir Chourou, Patricia Kameri-Mbote (Eds.) (2009). Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer.Google Scholar
  12. Brauch, Hans Günter, Úrsula Oswald Spring, John Grin, Czeslaw Mesjasz, Pal Dunay, Navnita Behera Chadha, Béchir Chourou, Patricia Kameri-Mbote, P.H. Liotta (Eds.) (2008). Globalisation and Environmental Challenges: Reconceptualising Security in the 21st Century, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Brauch, Hans Günter, Úrsula Oswald Spring, John Grin, Jürgen Scheffran (Eds.) (2016). Handbook on Sustainability Transition and Sustainable Peace, Cham, Springer International Publishing.Google Scholar
  14. Butler, Judith (1993). Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex”, Routledge, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Buzan, Barry, Ole Wæver, Jaap de Wilde (1998). Security. A New Framework for Analysis, Boulder-London, Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  16. Calvo, José Luis (Ed.) (2012). Derechos Sociales y Desarrollo Incluyente, Mexico, D.F., Juan Pablos Editor.Google Scholar
  17. Cardoso, Fernando H. (1973). Problemas del subdesarrollo latinoamericano, México, D.F., Nuestro Tiempo.Google Scholar
  18. Cardoso, Fernando H., Enzo Faletto (1969). Dependencia y desarrollo en América Latina, México, D.F., Siglo XXIo.Google Scholar
  19. CEPAL (2017). Panorama Económico de América Latina y el Caribe, Santiago, CEPAL.Google Scholar
  20. CHS (2003), Human Security Now, New York, UN.Google Scholar
  21. Crutzen, Paul J., E. F. Stoermer (2000). “The ‘Anthropocene’”, Global Change Newsletter 41, pp. 17–18.Google Scholar
  22. D’Eaubonne, Françoise (1974). Le Féminisme ou la Mort, Paris, Pierre Horay.Google Scholar
  23. Dalby, Simon, Hans Günter Brauch, Úrsula Oswald Spring (2009), “Towards a Fourth Phase of Environmental Security”, in Brauch, Hans Günter et al. (Eds.), Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 787–796.Google Scholar
  24. de Chardin, Teilhard (1965). La Vie cosmique. Écrits du temps de la guerre. 1916–1919, Paris, Seuil.Google Scholar
  25. Dos Santos, Teotonio (1970). Dependencia y cambio social, Cuadernos de Estudios Socio Económicos, Santiago, Universidad de Chile.Google Scholar
  26. Dos Santos, Teotonio (1978). Imperialismo y Dependencia, Mexico, D.F., Ed. Era.Google Scholar
  27. Dos Santos, Teotonio (2005). “Les mouvements sociaux latino-américains: de la résistance à l’offensive”, in Alternatives du Sud (Eds.), Mouvements de gauche en Amérique Latine, Paris, Centre Tricontinental and Ed. Syllepse, pp. 81–92.Google Scholar
  28. Fals Borda, Orlando (1968). Las revoluciones inconclusas en América Latina (1809–1968), México, D.F., Siglo XXI Eds.Google Scholar
  29. FAO (2016). Climate change and food security: risks and responses, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  30. FAO (2016a). Status of World’s Soil Resources, Rome, FAO.Google Scholar
  31. Frank, A. Gunder (1967). Capitalism and underdevelopment in Latin America, New York, Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  32. Freire, Paulo (1968). Pedagogia do Oprimido, Rio de Janeiro, Paz et Terra.Google Scholar
  33. Freire, Paulo (1992). Pedagogía de la Esperanza, www.cronicon.net/paginas/Documentos/paq2/No.11.pdf.
  34. Freire, Paulo (2005). Pedagogy of Freedom: Ethics, Democracy, and Civic Courage, Boston, University of Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  35. Furtado, Celso (1964). Desarrollo y subdesarrollo, Buenos Aires, Eudeba.Google Scholar
  36. Galtung, Johan (1967). “Peace research: science or politics in disguise”, International Spectator, Vol. 21, No. 19, pp. 1573–1603.Google Scholar
  37. Galtung, Johan (1971). “A structural theory of imperialism”, Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 81–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. González Casanova, Pablo (2017). “War and peace in the 21st century”, in Ú. Oswald Spring, S.E. Serrano Oswald (Eds.), Risks, violence, security and peace in Latin America. 40 years of the Latin American Council of Peace Research (CLAIP), Cham, Springer International Publishing (in press).Google Scholar
  39. Grin, John, Jan Rotmans, Johan Schot (2010). Transition to Sustainable Development. New Directions in the Study of Long-term Transformative Change, London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Harding, Sandra (1988). Is Science Multicultural? Postcolonialism, Feminism, and Epistemologies, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, Indiana.Google Scholar
  41. Herzlich, Paul, Dorothy Graham (1993). The Cast Report, Oxford, University of Oxford.Google Scholar
  42. Holland, John (1995). Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity, Helix Books, Las Vegas.Google Scholar
  43. ILO [International Labour Organization] (2016). World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2016, http://www.ilo.org/global/research/global-reports/.
  44. IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (2012). Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  45. IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (2014a). Climate Change 2014. Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  47. IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (2014b). Fifth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Kant, Immanuel (1795). Zum ewigen Frieden. Ein philosophischer Entwurf, http://homepage.univie.ac.at/benjamin.opratko/ip2010/kant.pdf.
  49. Kuhn, Thomas (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions, Chicago, University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  50. Küng Hans (1962). Strukturen der Kirche, Rome, Pontifica Universidad Gregoriana.Google Scholar
  51. Lenton, Timothy, Hermann Held, Elmar Kriegler, Jim W. Hall, Wolfgang Lucht, Stefan Ramstorf, Hans Joachim Schellnhuber (2008). “Tipping elements in the Earth’s climate system”, in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, PNAS, Vol. 105, No. 6, 12 February, pp. 1786–1793.Google Scholar
  52. Luhmann, Niklas (1997). Organización y decisión, autopoiesis y entendimiento comunicativo, Barcelona, Anthropos.Google Scholar
  53. Luhmann, Niklas (1998). Complejidad y modernidad. De la unidad a la diferencia, Madrid, Editorial Trotta.Google Scholar
  54. Marini, Ruy Mauro (1973). Dialéctica de la dependencia, México, D.F., Era.Google Scholar
  55. Melillo, Jerry M., T.C. Richmond, Gary W. Yohe (Eds.) (2014). Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, http://acwi.gov/useful-links/2014_climate_change_report_ov&findings.pdf.
  56. Mies, Maria (1985). Patriarchy & Accumulation on a World Scale. Women in the International Division of Labour, London, Zed Books.Google Scholar
  57. Moscovici, Serge (1976). Social Influence and Social Change, Cambridge, Academic Press.Google Scholar
  58. MunichRe (2008). Annual Report. Diversified structure – Diversified risk, Munich, MunichRe.Google Scholar
  59. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (Ed.) (2000). Peace Studies from a Global Perspective: Human Needs in a Cooperative World, New Delhi, Mbooks.Google Scholar
  60. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (Ed.) (2003). Resolución Nonviolenta de Conflictos en Sociedades Indígenas y Minorías [Nonviolent Resolution of Conflicts in Indigenous Societies and Minorities], Mexico, D.F., Coltlax, IPRAF, H. Böll Foundation.Google Scholar
  61. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (Ed.) (2007) International Security, Peace, Development, and Environment, Book 39 of the Encyclopaedia on Life Support Systems, UNESCO/EOLSS, Oxford, EOLSS Publishers.Google Scholar
  62. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (2009). “A HUGE Gender Security Approach: Towards Human, Gender, and Environmental Security”, in Hans Günter Brauch et al. (Eds.), Facing Global Environmental Change: Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer, pp. 1165–1190.Google Scholar
  63. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (2013a). “Dual vulnerability among female household heads”, Acta Colombiana de Psicología, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 19–30.Google Scholar
  64. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (2013b). “Seguridad de género”, in F. Flores Palacios (Ed.), Representaciones sociales y contextos de investigación con perspectiva de género, Cuernavaca, CRIM-UNAM, pp. 225–256.Google Scholar
  65. Oswald Spring, Úrsula (2016). “Development with sustainable–engendered peace: a challenge during the Anthropocene”, in Hans Günter Brauch, Úrsula Oswald Spring, John Grin, Jürgen Scheffran (Eds.), Handbook on Sustainability Transition and Sustainable Peace, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 161–185.Google Scholar
  66. Oswald Spring, Úrsula, H.G. Brauch (Eds.) (2009). Reconceptualizar la Seguridad en el Siglo XXI en América Latina, Cuernavaca, CRIM, CEICH, CCA/UNAM, Senado de la República, AFES-PRESS.Google Scholar
  67. Oswald Spring, Úrsula, S. Eréndira Serrano Oswald, Adriana Estrada Álvarez, Fátima Flores Palacios, Maribel Ríos Everardo, Hans Günter Brauch, Teresita E. Ruiz Pantoja, Carlos Lemus Ramírez, Ariana Estrada Villanueva, MT Mónica Cruz Rivera (2014). Vulnerabilidad social y género entre migrantes ambientales, Cuernavaca, CRM-UNAM.Google Scholar
  68. Oxfam (2016). An economy for the 1%. How privilege and power in the economy drive extreme inequality and how this can be stopped, https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/bn-blacklist-whitewash-tax-havens-eu-281117-en_0.pdf.
  69. Oxfam (2017). “Una economía para el 99% Es hora de construir una economía más humana y justa al servicio de las personas”, https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/file_attachments/bp-economy-for-99-percent-160117-en.pdf.
  70. Piaget, Jean (1950a). Introduction à l’épistemiologie génétique, París, PUF.Google Scholar
  71. Piaget, Jean (1950b). The Psychology of Intelligence, London, Routledge – Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  72. Piaget, Jean (1972). Psychology and Epistemology: Towards a Theory of Knowledge, Harmondsworth, Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  73. Prigogine, Ilya (1983). “La evolución de la complejidad y las leyes de la naturaleza”, en: Una exploración del caos al orden, Tusquets Eds., pp. 221–304, originalmente publicado in: F. Lazlo, J. Biermann (Eds.), Goals in a Global Community, New York, Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  74. Prigogine, Ilya (1994). La estructura de la complejidad, Madrid, Alianza Universidad.Google Scholar
  75. Prigogine, Ilya (1997). The End of Certainty. Time, Chaos and the New Laws of Nature, New York, The Free Press.Google Scholar
  76. Prigogine, Ilya, Isabelle Stengers (1984). Order out of Chaos: Man’s new dialogue with nature, London, Flamingo.Google Scholar
  77. Prigogine, Ilya, Isabelle Stengers (1997). The End of Certainty – Time’s Flow and the Law of Nature, New York, The Free Press.Google Scholar
  78. Reardon B. A. (1996). Sexism and the War System, New York, Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  79. Senghaas, Dieter (1973). Imperialismus und strukturelle Gewalt. Analysen über abhängige Reproduktion, Frankfurt, Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  80. Senghaas, Dieter (2003). “Welches Paradigma für die internationalen Beziehungen angesichts welcher Welt(en)”, in Küng, Hans, Dieter Senghaas (Eds.), Friedenpolitik. Ethische Grundlagen internationaler Beziehungen, München, Piper, pp. 71–109.Google Scholar
  81. Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) (2015). Sustainable Development Goals, New York, United Nations General Assembly.Google Scholar
  82. Thistlethwaite, Susan Brooks (2015). Women’s Bodies as Battlefield. Christian Theology and the Global War on Women, New York, Pallgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  83. Turner, Victor (1969). The Ritual Process, New York, Ithaca.Google Scholar
  84. UN Human Rights Council (2006). “UN Human Rights Council”, http://www.ohchr.org/en/hrbodies/hrc/pages/hrcindex.aspx.
  85. UNDP (1994). Human Development Report 1994, New York, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  86. UNDP (2006). Human Development Report 2006, New York, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  87. UNESCO (2002). Best practices of non-violent conflict resolution in and out-of-school, Paris, UNESCO.Google Scholar
  88. UNFPA (2015). The State of World Population. Shelter from the Storm, New York, UNFPA.Google Scholar
  89. UNICEF [United Nations Children’s Fund] (2015). Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), https://www.unicef.org/wash/3942_3952.html.
  90. Varela, Francisco J., Humberto R. Maturana, y R. Uribe (1974). Autopoiesis: the organization of living systems, its characterization and a model, Biosystems 5, pp. 187–196.Google Scholar
  91. Wæver, Ole (1997). Concepts of Security, Department of Political Science, Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  92. Wæver, Ole (2000). “The EU as a Security Actor” in Morton Kelstrup, Michael C. Williams (Eds.) International Relations Theory and the Politics of European Integration. Power, Security and Community, London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  93. Warren, Karren J. (Ed.) (1997). Ecofeminism. Women, Culture, Nature, Bloomington, Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  94. Warren, Kay B. (1998). “Indigenous Movements as a Challenge to the Unified Social Movement Paradigm for Guatemala”, in Culture of Politics, Politics of Cultures, re-visioning Latin American social movements, Oxford - Boulder, Westview Press.Google Scholar
  95. Weber, Max (2009). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, New York, Norton.Google Scholar
  96. Wilkinson, Richard, Kate Pickett (2009). The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better, London, Allen Lane.Google Scholar
  97. Wolfers, Arnold (1962). “National Security as an Ambiguous Symbol”, in A. Wolfers (Ed.). Discord and Collaboration. Essays on International Politics, Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press, pp. 147–165.Google Scholar
  98. Wright Quincy (1942). A study of war, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  99. Zapatista (1994–2017). “Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN)”, http://www.ezln.org.mx/.
  100. Zapatistas (2007). “Caracoles y Juntas de Buen Gobierno”, http://enlacezapatista.ezln.org.mx/.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Regional Centre for Multidisciplinary Research (CRIM)National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)CuernavacaMexico

Personalised recommendations