Non-contextual Self: Husserl and Nishida on the Primal Mode of the Self
It is obvious that in my experience, I cannot leave my own experience. Given that, how can I know that there are other perspectives than mine? In the present paper, I first approach this problem from the standpoint of Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology. Husserl seems to answer the question by his reflection on the “primal I” (Ur-Ich). I will analyze this strange but thought-provoking concept by interpreting it as a kind of “non-contextual self.” Second, I will compare the result of this consideration with the concept of “pure experience” and “basho” (place) proposed by Kitaro Nishida. I try to show that these seemingly bizarre ideas of non-individual self might be necessary for our understanding of self and others. Individuals can only appear in a certain context, whereas there is a sort of experience that does not fit in any context.
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17K0215307.
- Husserl, Edmund. 1970. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, trans. David Carr. Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
- Husserl, Edmund. 1973. Zur Phänomenologie der Intersubjektivität. Texte aus dem Nachlass. Dritter Teil: 1929–1935. Husserliana XV, hg. v. Iso Kern. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
- Nishida, Kitaro. 1966. Nishida Kitarô Zenshû, vol. 16. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
- Nishida, Kitaro. 1990. An Inquiry into the Good, trans. Masao Abe and Christopher Ives. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Nishida, Kitaro. 2012. Place and Dialectic: Two Essays by Nishida Kitaro, trans. John W. M. Krummel and Shigenori Nagatomo. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Taguchi, Shigeru. 2006. Das Problem des, Ur-Ich’ bei Edmund Husserl. Die Frage nach der selbstverständlichen Nähe des Selbst. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Taguchi, Shigeru. 2019a (Forthcoming). Consciousness Without Boundaries? The Riddle of Alterity in Husserl and Nishida. In Phenomenology and Japanese Philosophy, ed. S. Taguchi and A. Altobrando. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Taguchi, Shigeru. 2019b (Forthcoming). Neither One nor Many: Husserl on the Primal Mode of the I. In New Phenomenological Studies in Japan, ed. N. de Warren and S. Taguchi. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar