The Construction of Social Reality
This chapter is a kind of transition between the static description of the community and the narrative of events. Kinship was the context and language through which social and economic relations were expressed. The criterion of the shared surname—which aggregated and established behavioral norms for a group of people whose relations were arbitrary from the perspective of blood ties—was the most peculiar aspect of the cultural and social organization of the local communities. The judicial sources show that the kin group emerged as a social construction that was capable of producing and structuring everyday practices and representations, and of orienting individual and collective behavior.