Inclusive Responsiveness – Why Responsive Web Design Is Not Enough and What We Can Do About This

  • Gottfried ZimmermannEmail author
  • Christophe Strobbe
  • Daniel Ziegler
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 776)


Responsive web design has pioneered the way in which modern web applications adapt to the screen. However, catering for the interaction device is not enough when aiming for the best user experience that is tailored to a specific context of use. In this paper, we describe existing and envisioned design techniques that allow a web author to adapt to the full range of parameters provided by a specific context of use. We hereby examine the four components of context of use as drivers for adaptations: the user, their task, their equipment, and their environment. In conclusion, we fathom how far we are, and what obstacles have yet to be overcome on our way to “inclusive responsiveness” on the web.


Responsive web design Context of use Adaptivity Adaptability Accessibility Inclusive design Universal design Personal profile Personal needs and preferences GPII Media queries Context queries Matchmaker 



The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007–2011) under grant agreement no. 610510, Prosperity4All (“Ecosystem infrastructure for smart and personalized inclusion and PROSPERITY for ALL stakeholders”). This publication reflects only the authors’ views and the European Union is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gottfried Zimmermann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christophe Strobbe
    • 1
  • Daniel Ziegler
    • 2
  1. 1.Responsive Media Experience Research GroupStuttgart Media UniversityStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer IAOStuttgartGermany

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