Impact of Demographic Variables on the Attitude Towards Violence and Cooperation with Police: A Study of Extremist Affected Areas in Odisha, India
Safety and security are core needs of human beings. In modern democratic society, police are the legitimate designated authority performing this function and having monopoly over use of force. However, police cannot be effective without broad public support and cooperation. Perceptions of police efficacy matter as it is the most visible symbol of the state authority. Prior research shows that certain demographic characteristics such as age, gender, education, socioeconomic status, and so on impact citizens’ perceptions of police in much of the developed world. Indian Police are presently locked in a violent confrontation with left-wing extremists in the backward and tribal areas of the country. The poor and tribal youth are a primary recruiting target for the extremist ideology of armed rebellion against the state. Police need to wean youth away from violence and ensure greater public cooperation to succeed. This research aims to study the perceptions of youth about police in a heavily extremist affected area and how the demographic variables impact their attitudes towards cooperation with the police and acceptability of violence against the state.
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