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Remote Sensing of the Ignorosphere: Need for a Complete Earth-Ionosphere Radio Wave Propagation Model

  • Sujay Pal
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings book series (ASSSP, volume 53)

Abstract

We present a short review on retrieval mechanism of the D-region ionospheric plasma using sub-ionospheric VLF/LF data. First, we discuss importance of VLF/LF observation techniques and significant earth-ionosphere propagation models to diagnose electron-ion distribution in the lower ionosphere. Then we discuss about VLF/LF perturbations due to different geophysical phenomena and corresponding numerical simulations applied to retrieve the state of the D-region ionosphere.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Author acknowledges the support from the University Grants Commission (UGC) under the Dr. D.S. Kothari Post-doctoral Fellowship Scheme (No.F.4-2/2006 (BSR)/ES/17-18/0007). VLF data used here are from ICSP VLF network.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujay Pal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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