Advertisement

Ethnicity in Breaktime Interaction Rituals

  • Jana Obrovská
Chapter

Abstract

This core analytical chapter firstly examines how the ethnicity and race of minority students are openly thematized and negatively framed in peer relations during breaks. Secondly, Roma freestyle dance and hip-hop rituals are depicted as performances in which the ethnicized subcultural identities of Roma rappers are accentuated. The author discusses the different impacts these rituals have on the position of minority students in two different classrooms and demonstrates the contextual variability of ethnicity. Thirdly, intersections of ethnicity with gender are elaborated; ethnicized gender is in some contexts coded as a positive feature, while it is strongly problematized in others. Finally, Obrovská shows how the ascribed “otherness” of Roma teens becomes a subject of exclusion as much as a means of self-assertion.

References

  1. Allard, C. A. (2002). ‘Aussies’ and ‘wogs’ and the ‘group in-between’: Year 10 students’ constructions of cross-cultural friendships. Discourse: Studies in Cultural Politics of Education, 23(2), 193–209.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0159630022000000778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barron, I. (2011). The shadows of difference. Ethnicity and young children’s friendships. Race Ethnicity and Education, 14(5), 655–673.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2010.547848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bell, W. (1956). Anomie, social isolation and the class structure. Sociometry, 20(2), 105–116.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2785636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bittnerová, D., Doubek, D., & Levínská, M. (2011). Funkce kulturních modelů ve vzdělávání. Praha: Fakulta humanitních studií Univerzity Karlovy.Google Scholar
  5. Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction. A social critique of the judgement of taste. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Collins, R. (2004). Interaction ritual chains. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Connell, R. W. (1989). Cool guys, swots and wimps: The interplay of masculinity and education. Oxford Review of Education, 15(3), 291–303.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0305498890150309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Connolly, P. (2002). Racism, gender identities and young children. Social relations in multi-ethnic, inner-city primary classroom. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Connolly, P. (2008). Race, gender and critical reflexivity in research with young children. In P. Christensen & J. Allison (Eds.), Research with children. Perspectives and methods (pp. 173–188). Abington: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Devine, D. (2011). Immigration and schooling in the Republic of Ireland. Making a difference? Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Fordham, S., & Ogbu, J. U. (1986). Black students school success. Coping with the ‘burden of acting white. Urban Review, 18(3), 176–206.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01112192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gillborn, D. A. (2008). Racism and education. Coincidence or conspiracy. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  14. Goffman, E. (1999). Všichni hrajeme divadlo. Sebeprezentace v každodenním životě. Praha: Nakladatelství Studia Ypsilon.Google Scholar
  15. Göhlich, M., & Wagner-Willi, M. (2010). Rituals in daily school life. In C. Wulf (Ed.), Ritual and identity: The staging and performing rituals in the lives of young people (pp. 39–80). London: Tufnell.Google Scholar
  16. Grant, L. (1984). Black females ‘place‘ in desegregated classroom. Sociology of Education, 57(2), 98–111.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2112632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gregoriou, Z. (2013). Traversing new theoretical frames for intercultural education: Gender, intersectionality, performativity. Intercultural Education Studies, 6(3), 179–191.  https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v6n3p179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Grugeon, E. (1993). Gender implications of children’s playground culture. In P. Woods & M. Hammersley (Eds.), Gender and ethnicity in schools. Ethnographic accounts (pp. 11–33). London: The Open University.Google Scholar
  19. Hebdige, D. (2012). Subkultura a styl. Praha: Dauphin.Google Scholar
  20. Jarkovská, L. (2013). Gender před tabulí. Etnografický výzkum genderové reprodukce v každodennosti školní třídy. Praha: SLON.Google Scholar
  21. Jarkovská, L., Lišková, K., & Obrovská, J. (2015a). ‘Přistupujeme k nim stejně, ale…‘ Jak učitelé nakládají s mizející etnickou homogenitou v českých školách. In L. Jarkovská, K. Lišková, J. Obrovská, & A. Souralová (Eds.), Etnická rozmanitost ve škole. Stejnost v různosti (pp. 35–56). Praha: Portál.Google Scholar
  22. Jarkovská, L., Lišková, K., & Obrovská, J. (2015b). We treat them all the same, but…‘Disappearing ethnic homogeneity in Czech classrooms and teachers’ responses. Race Ethnicity and Education, 18(5), 632–654.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2015.1013457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jarkovská, L., Lišková, K., & Obrovská, J. (2015c). Zapadnout a nelišit se, nebo trvat na své odlišnosti? Dynamika etnicky smíšených kolektivů školních tříd. In L. Jakorvská, K. Lišková, J. Obrovská, & A. Souralová (Eds.), Etnická rozmanitost ve škole. Stejnost v různosti (pp. 59–96). Praha: Portál.Google Scholar
  24. Kaščák, O. (2006). Moc školy. O formatívnej sile organizácie. Trnava: Typi Universitatis Tyrnaviensis.Google Scholar
  25. Kaščák, O. (2010). Škola ako rituálny priestor. Trnava: VEDA.Google Scholar
  26. Mac an Ghaill, M. (1998). The making of men. Masculinities, sexualities and schooling. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  27. McLaren, P. (1999). Schooling as a ritual performance. Toward a political economy of educational symbols and gestures. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  28. Mercado, C. I. (2001). The learner: ‘Race’, ‘ethnicity’ and linguistic difference. In V. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of research on teaching (pp. 668–694). Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.Google Scholar
  29. Ogbu, J. U., & Simons, H. D. (1998). Voluntary and involuntary minorities: A cultural-ecological theory of school performance with some implications for education. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 29(2), 155–188.  https://doi.org/10.1525/aeq.1998.29.2.155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Park, C. C. (2011). Young children making sense of racial and ethnic differences: A sociocultural approach. American Educational Research Journal, 48(2), 387–420.  https://doi.org/10.3102/0002831210382889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Prieur, A. (2002). Gender remix: On gender constructions among children of immigrants in Norway. Ethnicities, 2(1), 53–77.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1469682002002001522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Quantz, R. A., O’Connor, T., & Magolda, P. (2011). Rituals and student identity in education: Ritual critique for a new pedagogy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Radostný, L. (2008). Po stopách romského hip hopu. A2, 27. Retrieved June 10, 2016, from http://www.advojka.cz/archiv/2008/27/po-stopach-romskeho-hip-hopu.
  34. Russell, L. (2011). Understanding pupil resistance. Integrating gender, ethnicity and class. An educational ethnography. New Cottage, UK: E&E Publishing.Google Scholar
  35. Slezáková, K. (2015). What am I and what am I not… Intra-sections of class, ethnicity and gender. In K. Nedbálková & K. Sidiropulu Janků (Eds.), Doing research, making science: The memory of Roma workers (pp. 117–139). Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury.Google Scholar
  36. Smetáčková, I., & Jahodová, D. (2015). Ambivalence rozšiřování obzorů: Percepce genderu a etnicity na prvním stupni ZŠ. Praha: Otevřená společnost, o.p.s.Google Scholar
  37. Srole, L. (1956). Social integration and certain corrolaries. An exploratory study. American Sociological Review, 21(6), 709–716.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2088422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Turner, V. (2004). Průběh rituálu. Brno: Computer Press.Google Scholar
  39. Willis, P. (1977). Learning to labour. How working class kids get working class jobs. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Willis, P. (1984). Elements of a culture. In M. Hammersley & P. Woods (Eds.), The sociology of pupil culture (pp. 61–78). Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Wright, C., Weekes, D., McGlaughlin, A., & Webb, D. (1998). Masculinised discourses within education and the construction of black male identities amongst African Caribbean youth. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 19(1), 75–87.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0142569980190105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Youdell, D. (2003). Identity traps or how black students fail: The intersections between biographical, sub-cultural, and learner identities. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24(1), 3–20.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01425690301912CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jana Obrovská
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations