Advertisement

Ergonomic Design Solution for Reducing Smoke Build-Up Inside Rural Kitchens in Kenya

  • Uwe ReischlEmail author
  • Olga Salinas
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 789)

Abstract

Rural families in Kenya depend on burning biomass for cooking. These fuels usually consist of wood, dried dung and crop residues, all of which produce high levels of smoke. Exposure to this smoke leads to serious respiratory health problems. The persons most affected are women and their children who spent much of their time in these kitchens, but traditional African kitchens do not utilize natural ventilation principles to reduce the high indoor smoke concentrations. Scale models were used to conduct airflow tests to determine why natural ventilation principles to reduce indoor smoke concentrations were not used and to explore new design solutions that could improve indoor air quality without the use of expensive technologies. Based on the results of this study, it was determined that introducing natural ventilation into the kitchens will make the smoke conditions worse. This explains why traditional kitchens did not use windows for ventilation. However, development and implementation of a of a new design solution effectively reduced build-up inside the kitchen without requiring significant modifications to the traditional kitchen. Incorporating the new design into traditional kitchens will provide a healthier environment for the women and their children in the future.

Keywords

Kenya kitchens Indoor air pollution Airflow analysis Ergonomic design 

References

  1. 1.
    Torres-Duque, C., Maldonado, D., Perez-Padilla, R., Ezzati, M., Viegi, G.: Biomass fuels and respiratory diseases: a review of the evidence. Proc. Am. Thorac. Soc. 5, 577–590 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen, B.H., Hong, C.J., Pandey, M.R., Smith, K.R.: Indoor air pollution in developing countries. World Health Stat. Q. 43, 127–138 (1990)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ellegard, A.: Cooking fuel smoke and respiratory symptoms among women in low-income areas in Maputo. Environ. Health Perspect. 104, 980–985 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M.: Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. Environ. Health Perspect. 109, 481–488 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.: Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory infections in Kenya: an exposure-response study. Lancet 358, 619–624 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dherani, M., Pope, D., Mascarenhas, M., Smith, K.R., Weber, M., Bruce, N.: Indoor air pollution from unprocessed solid fuel use and pneumonia risk in children aged under five years: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bull. World Health Organ. 86, 390C–398C (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Newman, C.: Building a Kitchen in Kenya: $0, Engineering for Change, 8 July 2011. https://www.engineeringforchange.org/news/building-a-kitchen-in-kenya-0-00/

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Health SciencesBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA

Personalised recommendations