• Stuart E. KignerEmail author
  • Archibald J. Loch
  • Joseph H. Bahn
Part of the Current Clinical Psychiatry book series (CCPSY)


The goal of this chapter is to provide clinical insight into the diagnosis and treatment of the foot and related disorders associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Hypotonia and pediatric flatfeet will be discussed including the indications for orthoses. Gait abnormalities associated with ASD, such as toe walking, will be reviewed. Clinical evaluation of the foot and dermatologic manifestations of ASD in the foot will also be discussed.


Hypotonia Flatfeet Orthoses Shoe Ungual Fibroma Gait Foot SMO Toe walking ASD 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stuart E. Kigner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Archibald J. Loch
    • 2
  • Joseph H. Bahn
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Mercyhealth Hospital and Medical Center-WalworthLake GenevaUSA
  3. 3.Kaiser Permanente Northern CaliforniaSacramentoUSA

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