Dermatologic disease and skin-related concerns are as prevalent in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as in the general population. There is data to suggest barriers to diagnosis and difficulty with medication adherence may increase morbidity and disease burden in this population. Basic skin care and a general dermatologic examination should take into consideration a patient’s sensory (particularly tactile) processing as well as communication and decision-making abilities. Treatment of common skin disorders should be tailored to the individual patient’s goals and tolerance. Underlying disease should be ruled out in cases of self-injurious behavior, and any presenting skin complaints should take into account medication and diet. Skin findings may be indicative of systemic disease and should be approached with a wide differential in both pediatric and adult patients with ASD.
KeywordsSkin care Itch Skin picking Drug rash Topical medication Acne Nutritional deficiency
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