Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous condition arising from multiple etiologies. As a result, patients with this diagnosis can present with a variety of urological problems. While clinical urological evaluation recommendations for these patients are the same as those for the general population, special considerations must be considered on a patient-specific basis, factoring in developmental age, cognitive impairment, and behavioral issues. Urological comorbidities are often associated with the diagnosis of certain syndromes and genetic disorders and should be fully evaluated as per current recommendations. Urinary incontinence is common among patients with ASD, and treatment is focused on intensive behavior modification and constipation management.
KeywordsUrological evaluation Urinary incontinence Enuresis Urological comorbidities Incontinence treatment
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