Advertisement

Alienation

  • Richard Hall
Chapter
Part of the Marxism and Education book series (MAED)

Abstract

This chapter situates Marx’s analysis of estrangement, alienation, fetishisation and reification against academic labour. It does this through a focus on the activity of production, in its relationship to material and philosophical conceptualisations. As a result, a dialectical understanding of the layers of objectification, separation, mediation and identity-development emerges. This categorical analysis enables an unfolding of capitalism’s mode of social metabolic control, and its relationship to individual essence, human capital theory, and the reality of being othered or negated inside the system. This develops an analysis of the expanding circuit of alienation (A-A’), and the potential for its overcoming through a focus on the richness of human experience.

Bibliography

  1. Andreotti, Vanessa. 2016. Research and Pedagogical Notes: The Educational Challenges of Imagining the World Differently. Canadian Journal of Development Studies 37 (1): 101–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ball, Stephen. 2015. Accounting for a Sociological Life: Influences and Experiences on the Road from Welfarism to Neoliberalism. British Journal of Sociology of Education 36 (6): 817–831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bell, Daniel. 1959. The Rediscovery of Alienation: Some Notes Along the Quest for the Historical Marx. Journal of Philosophy LVI (24): 933–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bonefeld, Werner. 2004. On Postone’s Courageous But Unsuccessful Attempt to Banish the Class Antagonism from the Critique of Political Economy. Historical Materialism 12 (3): 103–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bonefeld, Werner, Richard Gunn, and Kosmas Psychopedis. 1992. Introduction. In Open Marxism: Volume II Theory and Practice, ed. Werner Bonefeld, Richard Gunn, and Kosmas Psychopedis, xi–xviii. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  6. Britton, Jack, Lorraine Dearden, Neil Shephard, and Anna Vignoles. 2016. How English Domiciled Graduate Earnings Vary with Gender, Institution Attended, Subject and Socioeconomic Background. Institute for Fiscal Studies, Working Paper W16/06. https://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/wps/wp201606.pdf. Accessed 27 Apr 2018.
  7. Brook, Paul. 2009. The Alienated Heart: Hochschild’s ‘Emotional Labour’ Thesis and the Anticapitalist Politics of Alienation. Capital & Class 98: 7–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burkett, Paul. 2014. Marx and Nature: A Red and Green Perspective. Chicago: Haymarket Books.Google Scholar
  9. Clarke, Simon. 1991. Marx, Marginalism and Modern Sociology: From Adam Smith to Max Weber. London: Palgrave.FH.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cleaver, Harry. 2017. Rupturing the Dialectic: The Struggle Against Work, Money, and Financialization. Oakland: AK Press.Google Scholar
  11. Cowling, Mark. 2006. Alienation in the Older Marx. Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3): 319–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. 1983. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  13. DfE. 2017. The Higher Education and Research Act. London: HM Stationery Office. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2017/29/pdfs/ukpga_20170029_en.pdf. Accessed 27 Apr 2018.
  14. Dunayevskaya, Raya. 1983. The Theory of Alienation: Marx’s Debt to Hegel. London: News & Letters.Google Scholar
  15. Dyer-Witheford, Nick. 2004. 1844/2004/2044: The Return of Species-Being. Historical Materialism 12 (4): 3–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 2015. Cyber-Proletariat: Global Labour in the Digital Vortex. London: Pluto Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elliot, John. 1975. Professor Roberts’ Marx: On Alienation and Economic Systems. Journal of Economic Issues IX (3): 471–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Feuerbach, Ludwig. 2008. The Essence of Christianity. New York: Cosimo Books.Google Scholar
  19. Frolov, Ivan. 1990. Man, Science, Humanism: A New Synthesis. New York: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar
  20. Gabriel, Deborah, and Shirley Anne Tate. 2017. Inside the Ivory Tower: Narratives of Women of Colour Surviving and Thriving in British Academia. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books.Google Scholar
  21. Geras, Norman. 1983. Marx and Human Nature: Refutation of a Legend. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  22. Goldmann, Lucien. 1959. Recherches Dialectiques. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  23. Gorz, Andre. 1982. Farewell to the Working Class: An Essay on Post-Industrial Socialism. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hammen, Oscar J. 1980. A Note on the Alienation Motif in Marx. Political Theory 8 (2): 223–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hayek, Friedrich. 1988. The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. ———. 2001. The Road to Serfdom. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Hegel, Georg. 1963. The Philosophy of Right. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 1976. The Phenomenology of Spirit. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2004. The Philosophy of History. Mineola: Dover Books.Google Scholar
  30. Heidegger, Martin. 1978. Being and Time. London: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  31. Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 1983. The Managed Heart Commercialization of Human Feeling. Berkeley: University of California.Google Scholar
  32. Holloway, John. 1995. From Scream of Refusal to Scream of Power: The Centrality of Work. In Open Marxism, Volume III: Emancipating Marx, ed. Werner Bonefeld, Richard Gunn, John Holloway, and Kosmas Psychopedis, 155–181. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  33. ———. 2003. Change the World Without Taking Power: The Meaning of Revolution Today. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  34. ———. 2016. Against and Beyond Capital: San Francisco Lectures. Oakland: PM Press.Google Scholar
  35. Hudis, Peter. 2012. Marx’s Concept of the Alternative to Capitalism. Leiden: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Jappe, Anselm. 2016. The Writing on the Wall: On the Decomposition of Capitalism and Its Critics. London: Zero Books.Google Scholar
  37. Kitarō, Nishida. 2012. Ontology of Production: 3 Essays. Translated and with an Introduction By William Haver. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Kurz, Robert. 1991. The Collapse of Modernisation: From the Downfall of Barracks Socialism to the Crisis of the World Economy. Eichborn: Frankfurt am Main.Google Scholar
  39. Lazzarato, Maurizio. 2014. Signs and Machines: Capitalism and the Production of Subjectivity. Cambridge, MA: Semiotext(e)/MIT Press.Google Scholar
  40. Le Baron, Bentley. 1971. Marx on Human Emancipation. Canadian Journal of Political Science IV (4): 559–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lordon, Fredéric. 2014. Willing Slaves of Capital: Marx and Spinoza. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  42. Löwith, Karl. 1954. Man’s Self-Alienation in the Early Writings of Marx. Social Research: 204–230.Google Scholar
  43. Ludz, Peter. 1975. Alienation as a Concept in the Social Sciences: A Trend Report and Bisiography. The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
  44. Lukács, György. 1990. History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics. London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
  45. Marx, Karl. 1970. In Critique of the Hegelian Philosophy of Right, ed. Joseph O’Malley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. ———. 1972. Theories of Surplus Value, Part 3. London: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
  47. ———. 1974. Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts. Moscow: Progress Publishers.Google Scholar
  48. ———. 1987. Theories of Surplus Value, Part 1. London: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
  49. ———. 1991. Capital, Volume 3: A Critique of Political Economy. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  50. ———. 1992. Capital, Volume 2: A Critique of Political Economy. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  51. ———. 1993. Grundrisse: Outline of the Critique of Political Economy. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  52. ———. 2004. Capital, Volume 1: A Critique of Political Economy. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  53. Marx, Karl, and Friedrich Engels. 1998. The German Ideology: Including Theses on Feuerbach and Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy. New York: Prometheus.Google Scholar
  54. ———. 2002. The Communist Manifesto. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  55. McGettigan, Andrew. 2015. The Treasury View of HE: Variable Human Capital Investment. Political Economy Research Centre Papers Series 6. http://www.perc.org.uk/perc/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/PERC-6-McGettigan-and-HE-and-Human-Capital-FINAL-1.pdf. Accessed 27 Apr 2018.
  56. Mészáros, István. 1972. Lukács’ Concept of Dialectic. London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
  57. ———. 2005. Marx’s Theory of Alienation. London: Merlin Press.Google Scholar
  58. ———. 2008. The Challenge and Burden of Historical Time: Socialism in the Twenty First Century. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  59. Meyerhoff, Eli, Elizabeth Johnson, and Bruce Braun. 2011. Time and the University. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies 10 (3): 483–507.Google Scholar
  60. Mill, James Stuart. 2003. On Liberty. London: Penguin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Musto, Marcello. 2010. Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation. Socialism and Democracy 24 (3): 79–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Negri, Antonio. 1991. Marx Beyond Marx: Lessons on the Grundrisse. Brooklyn: Autonomedia.Google Scholar
  63. Office for Students. 2018. https://www.officeforstudents.org.uk/. Accessed 27 Apr 2018.
  64. Postone, Moishe. 1993. Time, Labor and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx’s Critical Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. ———. 2009. Rethinking Marx’s Critical Theory. In History and Heteronomy: Critical Essays, ed. Moishe Postone, Viren Murthy, and Yasuo Kobayashi, 31–48. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Center for Philosophy, booklet 12.Google Scholar
  66. Roberts, Paul. 1971. Alienation and the Soviet Economy. Toward a General Theory of Marxian Alienation, Organizational Principles, and the Soviet Economy. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
  67. Rousseau, Jacques. 2003. On the Social Contract. New York: Dover.Google Scholar
  68. Rubin, Isaac. 1972. Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value. Detroit: Black and Red.Google Scholar
  69. Sayers, Sean. 1998. Marxism and Human Nature. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  70. ———. 2003. Creative Activity and Alienation in Hegel and Marx. Historical Materialism 11 (1): 107–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Schacht, Richard. 1970. Marx’s Concept of Alienation. Garden City: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  72. Schoolman, Morton. 1973. Further Reflections on Work, Alienation, and Freedom in Marcuse and Marx. Canadian Journal of Political Science VI (2): 295–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Schweitzer, David. 1982. Alienation, De-Alienation, and Change: A Critical Overview of Current Perspectives in Philosophy and the Social Sciences. In Alienation and Anomie Revisited, ed. Giora Shoham. Tel Aviv: Ramot.Google Scholar
  74. Seeman, Melvin. 1959. On the Meaning of Alienation. American Sociological Review 24 (6): 783–791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Smith, Adam. 2008. The Wealth of Nations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  76. Von Mises, Ludwig. 2006. Marxism Unmasked: From Delusion to Destruction. Atlanta: Foundation for Economic Education.Google Scholar
  77. Wendling, Amy. 2009. Karl Marx on Technology and Alienation. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.De Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

Personalised recommendations