Isotope Ecology from Biominerals

  • Pennilyn HigginsEmail author
Part of the Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology book series (VERT)


Stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen can be used to make inferences about ancient climates and habitats. Biological hard tissues, particularly the biominerals of bioapatite, calcite, and aragonite are excellent archives of these isotopes and can be used to explore environments of Earth’s deep past.


Carbon Oxygen Bioapatite Calcite Aragonite Mass spectrometry Stable isotope 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA

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