Use of Digital Modeling and 3D Printing for the Inclusive Valorization of Cultural Heritage
The Design discipline approaches the enhancement of Heritage using visual-centric methods, while end-users with visual disabilities are excluded from the visit all Cultural and Natural Sites. A new design framework, here presented, connects Digital Modeling and 3D Printing to helps Designers in the achievement of haptic communicative solutions for the valorization of Heritage. The framework is tested in some real Case Studies of Italian Cultural Heritage to prove the validity of research findings and to open new design perspectives.
KeywordsDigital Modeling 3D Printing Design for social inclusion Enhancement of cultural heritage Design research
This paper is based on the research results achieved by the second author during her PhD training. However the writing of this essay is the result of the work of both authors. ‘Abstract’, ‘The Values of Cultural and Natural Heritage’ and ‘Conclusions’ have been written by the first author, the remaining parts have been written by the second author.
- 2.UNESCO WHC: Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. UNESCO, Paris (1972)Google Scholar
- 3.Hoffman, B.T.: Art and Cultural Heritage: Law, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2006)Google Scholar
- 5.Manzini, E.: Context-Based Design, Social Innovation and Sustainable Ways of Living. DIS Indaco, Milan (2007)Google Scholar
- 6.Pedersen, A.: Managing Tourism at World Heritage Sites: A Practical Manual for World Heritage Site Managers. UNESCO WHC, Paris (2002)Google Scholar
- 7.Global Heritage Fund: Saving Our Vanishing Heritage: Safeguarding Endangered Cultural Heritage Sites in the Developing World. Global Heritage Fund, Palo Alto (2010)Google Scholar
- 8.UNEP DTIE: Making Tourism More Sustainable: A Guide for Policy Makers. UNEP DTIE, Paris (2005)Google Scholar
- 9.Klamer, A.: Social, Cultural and Economic Values of Cultural Goods. In: Rao, V., Walton, M. (eds.) Culture and Public Action. Stanford University Press, Stanford (2004)Google Scholar
- 10.Barcarolo, P.: Il Design della Comunicazione Inclusiva per la valorizzazione ubìqua del Patrimonio Culturale: Criteri e Linee Guida Progettuali per lo sviluppo di soluzioni comunicative aptiche per la fruizione dei Siti UNESCO [in English: Design of Inclusive Communication for the ubiquitous enhancement of Cultural Heritage: Design Criteria and Guidelines for the development of haptic communicative solutions for the fruition of UNESCO’s Sites]. Ph. D. thesis (Vol. 1–2) Dissertation in ‘Civil and Environmental Engineer, Architecture’, Polytechnic Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Udine, Udine (2017)Google Scholar
- 11.European Institute for Design and Disability: The EIDD Stockholm Declaration. EIDD, Stockholm (2004)Google Scholar
- 12.European Commission: Europe 2020: A Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth. COM (2010) 2020. (2010)Google Scholar
- 13.Wilford, J.N.: Mapping ancient civilization, in a matter of days. In: The New York Times, May 11, 2010Google Scholar