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A Sediment Budget of the Upper Kaunertal

  • Ludwig Hilger
  • Jana-Marie Dusik
  • Tobias Heckmann
  • Florian Haas
  • Philipp Glira
  • Norbert Pfeifer
  • Lucas Vehling
  • Joachim Rohn
  • David Morche
  • Henning Baewert
  • Martin Stocker-Waldhuber
  • Michael Kuhn
  • Michael Becht
Chapter
Part of the Geography of the Physical Environment book series (GEOPHY)

Abstract

This chapter presents the sediment budget of the Upper Kaunertal (Kauner valley, Ötztal Alps, Austria) for the years 2012–2014 as obtained in the framework of the PROSA (high-resolution measurements of morphodynamics in rapidly changing PROglacial Systems of the Alps) research project. An important methodological basis of this high-mountain sediment budget is the usage of study area-wide LiDAR data (TLS and ALS) of comparatively high temporal and spatial resolution to measure rates of erosion and deposition, and to regionalize/upscale rates at the local scale. After several billion measurement points and data from fieldwork, mapping, and modeling efforts had been processed and evaluated, it was possible to identify and quantify sediment transfer by all relevant processes at the scale of the 62 km2 study area. These processes include rockfall of three different magnitude classes, debris flows, avalanches, creep on talus, fluvial processes (hillslopes and main fluvial system), rock glaciers, and glaciers. After a short presentation of the process-specific methods to obtain catchment-wide rates, we discuss process-specific results and the budget. The sediment budget does not only show the relative importance of the mentioned processes and spatial subunits (proglacial vs. non-proglacial) in the Upper Kaunertal. It also gives insight into the importance of high-magnitude events and the configuration of the sediment transport system.

Keywords

PROSA project Sediment budget Measurement Geomorphological map Regionalisation Spatial modelling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The measurement of different processes in a high-mountain area over a time period of several years is a demanding task. In addition to the authors, several student assistances provided very valuable help and support in the field, performed analysis in the laboratory, helped in mapping efforts, and even produced intermediate results. Especially mentionable is the field and laboratory work as well as mass calculations for avalanches by Martin Näher and Phillip Rumohr. Important results on rock glacier movement have been provided by Philip Neugirg, while Florian Riehl worked with data from the sediment traps in hillslope channels. Other student assistants the authors would like to thank are Sarah Betz, Stefan Löser, Sebastian Wiggenhauser, Hendrik Hövel, Kerstin Schlobies, Arnt Luthart, Anne Schuchardt, Matthias Faust, Martin Weber, Eric Rascher and Karolin Dubberke, Alexander Bryk and Shannon Hibbard.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludwig Hilger
    • 1
  • Jana-Marie Dusik
    • 2
  • Tobias Heckmann
    • 1
  • Florian Haas
    • 1
  • Philipp Glira
    • 3
  • Norbert Pfeifer
    • 3
  • Lucas Vehling
    • 4
  • Joachim Rohn
    • 4
  • David Morche
    • 6
    • 5
  • Henning Baewert
    • 7
  • Martin Stocker-Waldhuber
    • 8
    • 9
  • Michael Kuhn
    • 10
  • Michael Becht
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair of Physical GeographyCatholic University of Eichstätt-IngolstadtEichstättGermany
  2. 2.Bavarian State Agency for Environment (LfU)Geological SurveyHof/SaaleGermany
  3. 3.TU ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.University of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  5. 5.University of Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany
  6. 6.Environmental Authority of Saalekreis DistrictMerseburgGermany
  7. 7.University of Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany
  8. 8.Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research, Austrian Academy of SciencesInnsbruckAustria
  9. 9.Department of Geography, Physical GeographyCatholic University of Eichstätt-IngolstadtEichstätt-IngolstadtGermany
  10. 10.Institute of Atmospheric and Cryospheric Sciences, University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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