Advertisement

Landscape and Colours: From Dyelab to Colour Plan

  • Fabio Bianconi
  • Marco Filippucci
Chapter
Part of the Urban and Landscape Perspectives book series (URBANLAND, volume 20)

Abstract

In the centrality of perception, landscape is connected with colours, central elements that impact on vision, by describing what is the natural environment and what is man made. Understanding the landscape means to rediscover the European chromatic identity as a strategy for creative culture promoting. The innovation value chain starting from knowledge, sharing, and reactivating of identity elements is a new European network of exchange. On one hand, in a globalized and industrialized world, this necessity can start an innovative place-based approach, useful for creative operators to rediscover the origins, and originality connected, to the values and the resources of Europe, the core element of our cultural heritage. Creativity, in fact, is linked to products, and the combination of materials and of techniques can be seen as double-helix DNA, an agent of heredity of places and cultures. On the other hand, the same perceptual need can generate a transformation of the urban landscape, using the urbanistic instruments of the Plan of Colours. The Plan of Colour is a normative instrument that can study and define the identity of the urban character, aimed to determine the quality of public spaces through regulation of the recovery of colour. Guideline rather than prescription, the duality between project and survey finds an interesting experiment: analysis and synthesis are interrelated by losing their boundaries in a critical reading of the image of the place. Design analysis and project are described in the case study of the territory of Deruta, an Umbrian area close to Perugia with nine small historical urban centers, a paradigmatic case able to explain the close affiliation of this project in the sphere of representation. In more than 400 tables the survey of facades and critical emergency is developed, and with the help of more than 2000 schedules, a strategy is built to interpret the state of the cultural heritage. Extrapolating values through a cataloguing action, a logic able to understand the emergency of planning is systematized, indicating “where” and “how” in a town’s element we have to intervene. Material values of materials become the vehicle of immaterial values, able to exploit the primary resources of place, the culture, which is expressed in the landscape, so as to trigger a cascade process of upgrading in perception of place, space, and society. The approach in the topic of representation is central to analysing and planning the urban landscape, in its chromatic value, a strategy of the image of the city.

Keywords

Architectural survey Cataloguing Chromaticism Identity Colour plan 

References

  1. Appleton J (1975) The experience of landscape. Wiley, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Arnheim R (1954) Art and visual perception. A psychology of the creative eye. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  3. Bell PA, Greene TC, Fisher JD, Baum A (2001) Environmental psychology. Harcourt College, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Brino G (2009) Italian city color plans. In: Porter T, Mikellides B (eds) Color for architecture. Taylor & Francis, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Carbonara G (1988) Restauro e colore della città: un problema da rivedere, “Storia Architettura”, XIGoogle Scholar
  6. Cler M (2011) Colour appearance in urban chromatic studies. In: Biggam CP et al (eds) New directions in colour studies. Benjamins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Council of Europe (2000) European landscape convention. Florence (20.X.2000), ETS No. 176Google Scholar
  8. Davis P (1999) Ecomuseums: a sense of place. Leicester University Press, LeicesterGoogle Scholar
  9. de Rubertis R (2008) La città mutante. FrancoAngeli, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  10. Ender E, Akdenİz NS, Zencİrkıran M (2016) Colors and landscape. “Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi”, 30Google Scholar
  11. Fabretti G (1845) Memorie ecclesiastiche delle Chiese di Deruta. Biblioteca Augusta di Perugia, Ms.2004Google Scholar
  12. Gibson JJ (1979) The ecological approach to visual perception. Erlbaum, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Gou A (2013) Method of urban color plan based on spatial configuration. Color Res Appl 38(1):65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hard A, Sivik L, Tonnquist G (1996) NCS natural color system – from concepts to research and applications. Parts I and II. Color Res Appl 21:180–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hermann L (1999) Color harmony workbook. Rockport, GloucesterGoogle Scholar
  16. Kaplan R, Kaplan S (1989) The experience of nature: a psychological perspective. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  17. Kaplan S (1975) An informal model for the prediction of preference. In: Zube EH et al (eds) Landscape assessment: values, perception, and resources. Hutchinson & Ross, DowdenGoogle Scholar
  18. Koolhaas R (1995) The generic city. SMLXL. 010 Publishers, RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  19. Lancaster M (1996) Colorscape. Academy Editions, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Lenclos JP, Lenclos D (2004) Colors of the world. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Lynch K (1960) The image of the city. Harvard-MIT Joint Center for Urban Studies Series, BostonGoogle Scholar
  22. Mazzilli C (2002) Chromatic identity of the urban environment. In: Del Rio V et al (eds) Projeto do lugar. Colaboração entre Psicologia, Arquitetura e Urbanismo. Contra Capa, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  23. Meerwein G, Rodeck B, Mahnke F (2007) Color communication in architectural space. Birkhauser Verlag AG, Basel/Boston/BerlinGoogle Scholar
  24. Muratore O (2010) Il colore dell’architettura storica. Un tema di restauro. Alinea, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  25. Nassauer JI (1983) Framing the landscape in photographic simulation. J Environ Manag 17:1–16Google Scholar
  26. Neill WJV (2004) Urban planning and cultural identity. Routledge-Taylor & Francis, LondonGoogle Scholar
  27. Piemontesi L (2006) Progetto piano del colore. I piani del colore della provincia di Latina. Gangemi, RomaGoogle Scholar
  28. Plato PhaedrusGoogle Scholar
  29. Settis S (2012) Paesaggio Costituzione cemento. La battaglia per l'ambiente contro il degrado civile. Einaudi, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  30. Shuttleworth S (1980) The use of photographs as an environmental presentation medium, “Landscape Studies”. J Environ Manag 11:61–76Google Scholar
  31. Stamps AE (1990) Use of photographs to simulate environments: a meta-analysis. Perceptual Motor Skill 71:907–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Swirnoff L (2000) The color of the cities. An international perspective. McGraw-Hill, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. Torres Barchino A, Llopis Verdú J, Serra Lluch J (2017) Recovering chromatic space as a sign of identity in the historic city. In: Amoruso G (ed) Putting tradition into practice: heritage, place and design. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  34. UNESCO (2011) Recommendations on the historic urban landscapes. 36th Session of the General Conference of UNESCO, 25 October–30 November 2011, ParisGoogle Scholar
  35. Von Humboldt A (1845–1862) Kosmos. Entwurf einer physischen Weltbeschreibung. Cotta, Stuttgart und TübingenGoogle Scholar
  36. Yang B, Kaplan R (1990) The perception of landscape style: a cross-cultural comparison. Landsc Urban Plan 19:251–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zube EH, Sell JL, Taylor JG (1982) Landscape perception: research, application and theory. Landsc Plan 9:1–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Bianconi
    • 1
  • Marco Filippucci
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Study of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

Personalised recommendations