The chapter will begin with an overview of pathological-clinical correlates in pneumonia, and of the principles of diagnosis and treatment that can be broadly applied to all pneumonias. Thereafter, community-acquired pneumonia, hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia will be considered separately, considering aspects of management specifically relevant to each. The chapter will end by discussing preventive strategies, and with a brief outline of future challenges for the management of pneumonia.
KeywordsImmunity Pathology Cellular responses Repair Pneumococcus Atypical organisms Influenza Hospital-acquired pneumonia Ventilator-associated pneumonia Prevention Bronchoalveolar lavage Antibiotic regimens
The authors are very grateful to Drs Anna Beattie, Fiona Black, and Joaquim Majo (all Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust) for supplying images, and to Dr. Wendy Funston, Newcastle University, for help in reviewing the manuscript.
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