Applied Respiratory Anatomy

  • Melanie Greaves


The chest radiograph, and more recently, thoracic computed tomography (CT) and thoracic ultrasound, are featuring in the everyday practice of the majority of respiratory physicians. Knowledge of normal anatomy is a pre-requisite to the diagnosis of pathology. This chapter aims to review thoracic anatomy as it pertains to the above modalities.


Anatomy Chest radiograph Computed tomography Hila Heart and great vessels Lymph nodes Mediastinal lines and stripes Secondary pulmonary lobule 

Further Reading

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  6. Walker CM, Rosado-de-Christenson ML, Martinez-Jimenez S, Kunin JR, Wible BC. Bronchial arteries: anatomy, function, hypertrophy, and anomalies. Radiographics. 2015;35(1):32–49.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Webb WR. Thin-section CT of the secondary pulmonary lobule: anatomy and the image. The 2004 Fleischner Lecture 1. Radiology. 2006;239(2):322–38.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Whitten CR, Khan S, Munneke GJ, Grubnic S. A diagnostic approach to mediastinal abnormalities. Radiographics. 2007;27(3):657–71.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie Greaves
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiology DepartmentManchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Wythenshawe HospitalManchesterUK

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