Advertisement

Trump’s Foreign Policy in the Middle East: Conspiratorialism in the Arab Media Sphere

  • Abdullah K. Al-Saud
  • Dounia Mahlouly
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explores how president Trump’s discourse on foreign policy and global security is reported in the MENA region.

We identify how Trumps’ allegedly alternative approach to foreign policy impacted on the geopolitical concerns of US allies in the Middle East. Simultaneously, we examine how his relationship with well-established allies as well as his administration’s positions on global security have been reported in the Arab press by investigating a sample extracted from different Arab media outlets including Al Ahram, Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya.

Through policy and discourse analysis of Trump’s official and tweeted pronouncements, we evaluate to what extent Trump’s policy is regarded as consistent with his presidential campaign, and how these are perceived in Middle Eastern media and in wider international media ecologies.

References

  1. Dean, J. 2000. “Theorizing Conspiracy Theory”. Theory & Event. Muse 4(3) [online], https://muse.jhu.edu/article/32599 [accessed September 9, 2017]
  2. Marcus, G., ed. 1999. Paranoia within Reason: A Casebook on Conspiracy as Explanation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. Moscovici, S. 1987. “The Conspiracy Mentality,” in Changing Conceptions of Conspiracy. Edited by C. F. Graumann and S. Moscovici. New York: Springer, 151–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Parish, J. and M. Parker, ed. 2001. The Age of Anxiety: Conspiracy Theory and the Human Sciences. Malden: Wiley–Blackwell.Google Scholar
  5. Stewart, K. 1999. “Conspiracy Theory’s Worlds,” in Paranoia within Reason: A Casebook on Conspiracy as Explanation. Edited by G. Marcus. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

News Sources

  1. Al Jazeera News. 2016. “Craziest Moments from Donald Trump’s Campaign.” Al Jazeera English, November 9.Google Scholar
  2. BBC News. 2017. “Syria Chemical ‘Attack’: What We Know.” 26 April.Google Scholar
  3. Engel, P. 2016. “Trump Is Playing into Popular Middle East Conspiracy Theories about ISIS.” Business Insider UK, 11 August.Google Scholar
  4. Griffing, A. 2017. “Donald Trump Threatening Syria Directly Contradicts His Campaign Promises.” Haaretz, 2 July.Google Scholar
  5. Hanna, M. W., and D. Benaim. 2016. “How Do Trump’s Conspiracy Theories Go over in the Middle East? Dangerously.” The New York Times, August 16.Google Scholar
  6. Jacobs, B. 2015. “The Donald Trump Doctrine: ‘Assad is Bad’ but US Must Stop ‘Nation–building’.” The Guardian, 13 October.Google Scholar
  7. Maslin, J. 2017. “President Trump Is Visiting Saudi Arabia to Cement a Friendship.” Time, May16.Google Scholar
  8. McKernan, B. 2017. “Isis Hails Donald Trump’s Muslim Immigration Restrictions as a ‘Blessed Ban’.” Independent, 30 January.Google Scholar
  9. Parker, M., ed. 2001. “Human Science as Conspiracy Theory,” in The Age of Anxiety: Conspiracy Theory and the Human Sciences. Edited by J. Parish and M. Parker. Oxford Blackwell Publishers, 191–207.Google Scholar
  10. Pager, P. 2016. “Trump to Look at Recognizing Crimea as Russian Territory, Lifting Sanctions.” Politico, 27 July.Google Scholar
  11. Reuters and Haaretz. 2017. “Russia Threatens U.S.: Will Intercept ‘Any Flying Object’ in Syria Skies.” 19 June.Google Scholar
  12. Revsz, R., and A. Griffin. 2016. “Donald Trump Statement on Banning Muslims from US Disappears from His Website.” Independent, November 9.Google Scholar
  13. Shear, M, and H. Cooper. 2017. “Trump Bars Refugee and Citizens of 7 Muslim Countries.” The New York Times, January 27.Google Scholar
  14. Showalter, E. 1997. Hystories: Hysterical Epidemics and Modern Media. New York: Columbia University PressGoogle Scholar
  15. The White House. 2017. “President Trump’s Speech to the Arab Islamic Summit.” Office of the Press Secretary, May 21.Google Scholar
  16. Thrush, G. 2017. “Trump’s New Travel Ban Blocks Migrants from Six Nations, Sparing Iraq.” The New York Times, March 6.Google Scholar
  17. Tracy, A. 2017. “Trump Silent as Russia Retaliates against U.S. Sanctions Bill.” Vanity Fair, July 31.Google Scholar
  18. Walt, S. M. 2017. “Making the Middle East Worse, Trump-Style.” Foreign Policy, June 9.Google Scholar
  19. Winter, C. 2016. “Trump Has Unwittingly Become an Asset for ISIS.” CNN, November 3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdullah K. Al-Saud
    • 1
  • Dounia Mahlouly
    • 2
  1. 1.International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR)King’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies (KFCRIS)RiyadhSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations