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Exploring the Therapeutic Characteristics of Plant Species in the Chichawatni Irrigated Plantation Pakistan

  • Muhammad Arif
  • Waseem Razzaq Khan
  • Muhammad Khurram Shahzad
  • Amna Hussain
  • Cao Yukun
Chapter

Abstract

Environmental degradation, exponential rising of population, and overexploitation of forestry resources are the rigorous threats to developing countries. Little efforts have been carried out for inventory, research, and standard documentation about existing growing forest resources in the irrigated plantations of Pakistan. Chichawatni forest, owing a variety of plant species, is recognized as an affluent biodiversity area. This study aimed to analyze the therapeutic characteristics of plants existing within the forest and is significantly helpful for curing the multiple idiosyncratic human diseases of the region since decades. Moreover, it comprised to identify the current status of conservation of such plants. A mixed method approach was applied to interview the native herbalists, midwives, traditional healers, and local adult villagers from adjacent villages. Frequent field visits conducted to collect firsthand information about the effective utilization of therapeutic plants. Out of 122 plants species, medicinal uses of 49 species were recorded from the Chichawatni irrigated plantation. These plants belong to 28 families, and Asteraceae (10 spp.), Fabaceae (6 spp.), Amaranthaceae (4 spp.), Brassicaceae (2 spp.), Malvaceae (2 spp.), Poaceae (2 spp.), etc. are the leading ones. The prominent ethnomedical plants are Acacia nilotica, Albizia lebbeck L., Salvadora oleoides Dene., Tamarix articulata L., Terminalia arjuna (Rox. Ex D.C), Ageratum conyzoides L., Cannabis sativa L., Datura stramonium L., Fumaria officinalis L., Oxalis corniculata L., Prosopis cineraria L., Sonchus oleraceus L., Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f.), etc. Identified plants are used to treat a diverse range of ailments (i.e., acrid, analgesic, anodyne, antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, aperients, blood purifier, cardio, carminative, cathartic, clotting agent, colic, cordial, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, emetic, emollient, expectorant, febrifuge, insomnia, joint ache, laxative, narcotic, ophthalmic, purgative, sedative, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, etc.). The study has documented the ethnopharmacological knowledge, which can play a pivotal role for the future toxicological, pharmacological, and photochemical studies from the region.

Keywords

Species Traditional knowledge Ethnomedical Chichawatni forest 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Arif
    • 1
    • 2
  • Waseem Razzaq Khan
    • 3
  • Muhammad Khurram Shahzad
    • 2
    • 4
  • Amna Hussain
    • 4
  • Cao Yukun
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forestry Economics and ManagementNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Punjab Forest DepartmentGovernment of PunjabLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of Forest Management, Faculty of ForestryUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of Forest ManagementNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

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