Democracies and Their Citizens

  • Jennifer Shore
Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)


This chapter examines the implications of economic inequality for the quality of democracy and discusses the origins and various forms of democratic citizenship. How socioeconomic inequality can constrain an equal exercise of politics rights is the second focus of the chapter. Citizens with fewer resources, for example, in terms of income, education, or social networks, are also those who are the least likely to be engaged with politics. Those who lack socioeconomic, cultural, and cognitive capital are, therefore, at a much greater risk of experiencing disadvantages across various spheres of citizenship. The trap of poverty is thus not constrained to economic disadvantage but renders other forms of citizenship difficult to attain as well.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Shore
    • 1
  1. 1.Mannheim Centre for European Social ResearchUniversity of MannheimMannheimGermany

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